Diabetes is a disorder where in the body is either not able to produce enough insulin to break down the glucose in the blood, or is not able to use insulin produced by the pancreas in the right way. There are two types of diabetes that humans suffer from Diabetes Type 1 and Diabetes Type 2,.In this article we would be focusing on what is Type 1 Diabetes.
A individual suffering with Type 1 diabetes can’t make up any insulin. Type 1diabetes mainly occurs in age groups below 30 years, but may strike at any age. Type 1diabetes can occur due to a genetic disorder. The causes of Type 1diabetes are not fully specified, and there are several theories to it. But the cause of type 1 diabetes is because the pancreas produces very little or no insulin any at all. Everyday insulin injections are required for Type 1 diabetes. The Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreatic beta cells do not function and the body either stops producing insulin or produces very little quantities of it.
Causes of Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a a very different disease when compared to type 2 diabetes, Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease of the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. Scientists believe that it may be a disease that triggers the immune system to attack these beta cells and destroy them. In Type 1 diabetes the pancreas can no longer produce the insulin, which is needed to breakdown sugar from the blood into the additional energy required by the body. Due to this malfunction of the beta cells, Sugar builds up in the blood and over moment in time can damage internal organs and blood vessels.
Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1diabetes takes only a few weeks to develop. The initial symptoms are:
- increased input of urine (because the body tries to get lessen of the excess glucose in the urine, diluting it with water),
- extreme thirst,
- exhaustion (because the glucose is not being converted into energy),
- increased hunger,
- unclear or blurred vision,
- Infections such as irritation of the genitals.
If type 1 diabetes is not treated at this stage, the body begins to produce chemicals called ketones that build up in the blood. This condition of diabetic ketoacidosis causes additional symptoms like
- stomach pain,
- increased pulse rate,
If untreated, diabetic ketoacidosis can even lead to coma or death.
Tests for Type 1 Diabetes:
The following tests can be used to diagnose type 1diabetes:
- urinalysis shows glucose and ketone bodies in the urine, fasting blood glucose 126 mg/dL or greater
- Random (nonfasting) blood glucose over 200 mg/dL insulin test C-peptide test.
Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes requires insulin injections to to make up for the insulin not created by the body. Type 1 diabetes accounts for 5-10% of all diabetes diagnoses. People suffering from Type 1 Diabetes need to follow a strict diet plan to ensure that glucose levels are controlled and the insulin that they inject is as per requirement of the body not consuming sufficient food leads to low blood sugars which is as dangerous as a effect of having too much insulin. People suffering from type 1 diabetes need to exercise on a regular basis. Type 1 diabetes during pregnancy is totally different form general diabetes. For a woman with type 1 diabetes and pregnancy, the causes of type 1diabetes are the same but the treatment for it is slightly different. Because both the mother and as well as child are a part of cure and treatment.