Right-sided heart failure is a severe heart condition where the right side of the heart is unable to pump blood normally. Right heart failure causes blood to dam up causing congestion of the heart. Right sided heart failure can be induced due to problems like pulmonary hypertension, heart valve problems or coronary artery disease. Learn more about right sided heart failure here.
What is right sided heart failure
Right sided heart failure or congestive heart failure – right-sided is a severe heart condition where the right side of the heart is unable to pump out blood properly to the rest of the body. It is said that right heart failure affects 1 in 20 people across the world. Right sided heart failure is usually caused due to complication arising from other heart problems or other severe disease.
Causes of right sided heart failure
Right heart failure is caused when the right ventricle is unable to carry out its pumping function leading to blood damming up in other parts of the body. Primary causes of right sided heart failure include left-sided heart failure, lung diseases, congenital heart disease, blood clots in pulmonary arteries, pulmonary hypertension, and heart valve disease, Increased intake of fluids or salt, Fever, Infections, Anemia, Irregular heartbeats, Overactive thyroid gland or kidney disease.
Symptoms of right sided heart failure
The most common symptoms of right heart failure include:
• Swelling of feet and ankles
• Frequent Urination
• Pronounced neck veins
• Fatigue & Weakness
Treatment of right sided heart failure
There is no cure for right sided heart failure, however treatment of right sided heart failure is focused at controlling the symptoms of right heart failure, treating the underlying cause of right sided heart failure, reducing stress on the heart, and ensuing that the heart condition does not escalate.
Treatment of right heart failure includes valve replacements and surgical procedures like bypass surgery. People who suffer from right sided heart failure are put on medication as part of the treatment for right heart failure. Medication like duretics to reduce fluid build up, Furosemide, torsemide, or bumetanide to help reduce severity of symptoms, Sironolactone to reduce salt retention and help patients with severe heart failure as well as Ace inhibitors to reduce stress on the heart, nitrates and beta blockers are also prescribed.
Some people who suffer from right sided heart failure are put on a pacemaker or defibrillator, in severe cases a heart transplant may also be required for right heart failure.
No matter what the severity of right sided heart failure, the person who suffers from right sided heart failure is required to make changes to his lifestyle like reducing smoking, alcohol consumption and following a regular exercise regime while following a strict diet that is low on salt. For people who are overweight doctors require them to lose excess weight.
Right sided heart failure is a very serious heart disorder and all possible measures have to be taken to prevent the problem from escalating further.