What is Mitral Valve Prolapse

What is Mitral valve prolapse

Heart mitral valve prolapse is a heart valve related problem and is the most common of all the heart valve related complications. Also known as ‘Barlow’s syndrome’ or ‘click murmur syndrome’ the mitral valve abnormality can prove fatal to the patient. Mitral valve prolapse is a heart disease in which the mitral valve leaflet displaces into the left atrium during the systolic movement of the heart. Learn more about mitral valve prolapse and what is mitral valve prolapse here.

Mitral valve prolapse

Mitral valve has a function of preventing back flow of blood between the left ventricle and the left atrium. There are two broad types of Mitral valve prolapse cases and are called the classic Mitral valve prolapse and non classic Mitral valve prolapse type which can be further classified into several subtypes.

Symptoms of mitral valve prolapse

The symptoms of Mitral valve prolapse can be heart palpations, chest pain, short breath and anxiety. Many patients do not exhibit any symptoms of Mitral valve prolapse. Fatigue and weakness is a common complaint from the patient of Mitral valve prolapse. Sharp chest pains are sometimes reported by the patients and can prolong without a response to nitroglycerin. Panic attacks and depression may also develop in the patients of Mitral valve prolapse. Migraine and strokes are some rare conditions associated with Mitral valve prolapse. Low body mass index and a correlation between Mitral valve prolapse and bi-polar disorder is also established though the cause for these co-relations remain unknown. Generally the patient suffering from Mitral valve prolapse shows no symptoms and Mitral valve prolapse is diagnosed only when a doctor examines a patient for some other heart problem.

Diagnoses of mitral valve prolapse

The diagnosis of Mitral valve prolapse is done by many techniques; the primary is the examination done by using a stethoscope listening to the murmur sound which is produced due to the abnormal valve opening and leakage of blood caused by Mitral valve prolapse. Ultrasound or the echocardiography is the most important test for the Mitral valve prolapse cases. The ultrasound imagining also detects infections along with the severity and degree of the mitral regurgitation. The two and three dimensional ultrasound images give a complete picture of Mitral valve prolapse.

Treatment of mitral valve prolapse

Mostly in general cases of Mitral valve prolapse patients recover only by giving a balanced nutritious diet along with special exercises. Beta blockers are given to the patients of Mitral valve prolapse having the symptoms like palpitations and chest pains. Blood thinners are given to the patients with a prior history of stroke. Cardiac exercises are very important and certain substances like adrenalin should be avoided. In severe cases of Mitral valve prolapse, surgery can provide relief and repairing or replacement of the valve is done by a surgical process.

People suffering from Mitral valve prolapse are prone to bacterial infection of the heart called ‘infective endocarditis’ and the patients suffering from the serious complications from Mitral valve prolapse are given antibiotics before any procedure like dental work or minor surgery. Most of the patients of Mitral valve prolapse as discussed do not need any special treatment but a proper care and minor treatments should be taken under the guidance of an expert cardiologist.

Complications of Mitral valve prolapse

There are certain rare complications associated with Mitral valve prolapse which can prove fatal so the case of Mitral valve prolapse should not be taken lightly. A proper care and treatment makes the patient of Mitral valve prolapse completely healthy and he can lead a normal life.

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