A leaky heart valve is a condition that alters blood flow through a valve that allows blood to flow backward, Leaky heart valve is also known as the “regurgitation”. Learn more about what is leaky heart valve here.
Leaky Heart valve
Leaky heart valve or regurgitation can affect blood flow in each of the four heart valves – aortic valve, pulmonary valve, mitral and tricuspid. Leaky heart valve ultimately leads to the heart having to work extra because it pumps the regurgitated blood back through a valve. Over time this can lead to more leaks of valves in the heart and symptoms of an enlarged heart as well as heart muscle fatigue.
Patients with symptoms of heart valve leakage should know that there are a number of different diseases of the heart valves and / or valvular disorders that can trigger symptoms of heart valve insufficiency. The main symptoms of leaking heart valve is regurgitation of blood through the valve. Regurgitation can affect blood flow in each of his four heart valves – aortic valve, pulmonary valve, mitral and tricuspid.
Some of the common symptoms of leaky heart valves are:
•Swelling of the feet or ankles
•Chest pain (angina) or pressure
However, the symptoms of a leaking heart valve do not always appear immediately in a patient. Some patients may not show any signs or symptoms of leaking heart valve at all.
Treatment of leaky Heart Valve
It is advisable to consult a doctor at the slightest signs or symptoms of a leaky heart valve, for some cases a leaky heart valve can be heard as a heart murmur by a doctor during an medical examination. However it is not necessary that the patient show any signs or symptoms of the problem. If one is suffering from leaky heart valve, certain lifestyle changes may be required in order to control complications like blood pressure. Blood pressure can cause complications in patients suffering from leaky heart valve conditions. Patients are advised to follow a low-sodium diet and exercise on a regular basis. This helps control your blood pressure and can help control a leaky heart valve condition. Patients suffering from leaky heart valve may be prescribed diuretics to reduce swelling caused by buildup of fluids in the lungs or legs.
People who suffer from leaky heart valve may also suffer from edema (swelling), which can make the condition worse, At times if medications do not help, surgery may be required to correct or replace a heart valve that leaks. In some patients, the valve problem may be resolved with surgery, whereas others may need a valve replacement that. Mechanical valves or those created from animals may be used for valve replacements.
Treatment of Leaky heart Valve
Where possible, it is often best to surgical repair of the valve on the patient rather than replace it with prosthesis. valve repair usually involves the surgeon can change the fabric or underlying structures of the mitral valve or tricuspid valve and implantation of an annuloplasty ring or band. Aortic valves are rarely repaired.
If the patient’s native (original) heart valve can not be repaired, the surgeon can choose to replace him. The first step involves removing the diseased valve and after implantation of a valve prosthesis in place. The prosthetic valves used to replace natural heart valves come in different sizes to fit the patient and are made of different materials.