Herpes II is a sexually transmitted viral infection, which often produces painful sores, usually in the genital area. Once infected, a person can carry the virus, and subject to recurrent episodes of infection. Genital herpes are caused in most of the cases in HSV-2. However, HSV-2 can cause an infection of the mouth also.
Herpes Simplex 2
Herpes simplex 2 is spread through direct skin to skin contact with an infected person. One can get Herpes Simplex 2 from someone who has a sore mouth or genital skin. However, most of the time it is transmitted when a person has sexual contact with a person affected with herpes simplex 2. The herpes virus infects the skin of a person causing sores that can be seen.
Herpes Simplex 1 and Herpes Simplex virus 2 are caused in human that affects the DNA. This virus is called pathogen DNA virus that belongs to Herpesviridae.
The most common signs include:
• Fever, headache and muscle.
• Three days later infection, painful blisters and skin ulcers around the mouth, genitals, anus or rectum.
• The lesions usually appear on either side of the genitalia during the first outbreak.
• Blisters can be “hidden” in the vagina.
• About a week after the eruption, tender, swollen glands or lymph nodes may develop in the groin.
If left untreated, the rash and pain usually disappear within three to four weeks.
Herpes simplex 2 wounds heal, but the virus never goes away. The Herpes simplex 2 stays in your body in a latent form. That means it will be quiet, hidden, and no symptoms. However, herpes can become active and cause ulcers at a later stage. This is called “recurrent” herpes.
• The second time you have symptoms, usually less in intensity and not be as bad as the first time. Recurrent herpes usually begins with itching or burning sensation before a day or two begin a rash.
• Recurrent herpes lesions usually appear on one side of their genitals.
The treatment of herpes simplex type 2
Acyclovir, valacyclovir, famciclovir and has been shown to reduce the outburst of herpes II, decrease pain and speed the healing of primary herpes lesions. In the oral form, this treatment appears to reduce the duration of primary and recurrent episodes.
Preventing herpes simplex type 2
The best way to prevent herpes simplex 2 is to avoid unprotected sex.
To reduce the risk of spreading or getting herpes, use condom when you have oral, vaginal or anal sex. Using condoms correctly every time having sex can reduce the risk of genital herpes. Using condoms will not totally stop your risk of spreading or getting herpes, since this disease is transmitted through skin to skin lesions and ulcers or infected skin may appear normal. Condoms also help prevent the spread of other sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
If one is sexually active, than that person ant his/her partner should receive a complete physical examination.