An irregular or abnormal heartbeat is called an heart arrhythmia or heart dysrhythmia. Heart beat rates can also be irregular standard heart beats rate ranges between 60 to 100 beats per minute. Heart arrhythmias and irregular heart beat rates don’t essentially happen simultaneously. Heart arrhythmias can happen with a regular heart beat rate, or with heart rates that are slow and can also take place with fast heart rates. Learn more about Heart arrhythmia here.
What is Heart arrhythmia
The heart is a pump that works by pumping the blood through its four compartments. The blood is pumped through in a controlled series of muscular contractions. The series is controlled by collection of cells which direct the electrical movement of the heart. When the series is disturbed, heart arrhythmias take place. Heart arrhythmias are irregular beating of the heart. Heart arrhythmias cause the heart to propel blood less efficiently. The majority Heart arrhythmias are short-term and benign. Most short-term and benign Heart arrhythmias are those where your heart misses out a beat or has an additional beat. The irregular skip or additional beat is frequently caused by strong emotions or exercise. Nevertheless, some Heart arrhythmias may be serious and need treatment.
Types of Heart arrhythmias
Heart arrhythmias can be separated into two chief classes viz. ventricular and supraventricular Heart arrhythmias. Supraventricular Heart arrhythmias take place in the heart’s upper compartments called the atrium. Ventricular Heart arrhythmias happen in the hearts lower compartments called the ventricles. Supraventricular and Ventricular heart arrhythmias are further defined by the pace of the heartbeats like extremely slow, extremely fast and rapid uncoordinated. A very sluggish heart rate is called bradycardia and the heart rate is less than 60 heart beats per minute. A very speedy heart rate is called Tachycardia in which the heart beats are faster than 100 heart beats per minute. A rapid uncoordinated heart beat rate is termed ‘Fibrillation’ and is the most dangerous form of heart arrhythmia where a contraction of individual heart muscle fibers happens.
Causes of Heart arrhythmia
Heart arrhythmias can happen by Coronary artery disease, High blood pressure, Valve disorders, and Electrolyte imbalances in the blood, injury from a heart attack or the healing procedure after heart surgery. An Heart arrhythmias may be silent and not produce any symptoms. A doctor can identify an uneven heartbeat during a physical check up by taking your pulse or by an electrocardiogram. When indication of an Heart arrhythmias occurs they may comprise palpitations or sensation that your heart is running away, throbbing in your chest, vertigo, fainting, and shortness of breath, chest uneasiness and fatigue. Tests used to detect a Heart arrhythmia or establish its cause include Electrocardiogram, Event monitor, Stress test and Echocardiogram Cardiac catheterization Electrophysiology, etc.
Treatment for Heart arrhythmia
Treatment for Heart arrhythmia depends on the kind of heart arrhythmia, the age of the patient and the physical state. Techniques are available for avoidance of heart arrhythmia. These techniques comprise relaxation methods to lessen stress, limit ingestion of caffeine, nicotine, alcohol and stimulant drugs. Many heart arrhythmias need no treatment; they are naturally managed by the body’s immune system. However it is essential that heart arrhythmias must be managed, and controlled by medicines or by Cardio version, Automatic implantable defibrillators or an Artificial pacemaker using Heart arrhythmia surgery . Heart arrhythmias are sometimes fatal and can cause serious damages and hence needs to be diagnosed and controlled on time.