What is Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Those Suffering from Diabetes Type I and II be warned Diabetic Ketoacidosis can hit with a warning sign. Diabetic Ketoacidosis occurs when there is less Insulin in the body or probably no insulin. The opposite of this condition is called Hyperglycemia, you can read more on Hyperglycemia in our other section. So, what is Diabetic Ketoacidosis? This is a lethal condition of the body when there is no energy for the cells to function, since glucose is produced in the body in restricted amounts. The body then turns to fat and sometimes even muscle to receive its daily dose of energy. However, when this occurs, ketones come into the blood stream and thus results in Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
Symptoms for Diabetic Ketoacidosis
Lets look into the symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis, these sympotoms are the same for Diabetic Ketoacidosis in children. Diabetic Ketoacidosis in children may result in lack of interest in games and other activities and may also result in pain in the abdomen. Other symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis are: vomiting, difficulty in breathing, rapid breathing, nausea / feeling of nausea, abdominal pain, fruity breath smell, weird breathing odor, loss of appetite, difficulty to wake up, vision blurred, extreme thirst, feelin of drowsiness and lethargy, comatose, feeling a lot of body heat intermittently, dry / itchy skin etc. These are a few symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis. If you are feeling more than half of these symptoms, its is advisable to contact a doctor immediately.
How can you Prevent Diabetic Ketoacidosis
There are some ways by which you can prevent the occurrence of Diabetic Ketoacidosis. These involve some precautionary methods by which one can beware of Diabetic Ketoacidosis, right from when one contracts Diabetes. Continuous monitoring of oneself while one falls sick would be advisable. You need to check your Blood Sugar Levels every 2-3 hours. Whilst checking for blood sugar you need to check for ketones present in the urine, in case the blood sugar levels seems high to you don’t cringe from taking your medication for insulin, even if you are going to take it on an empty stomach. You need to be regular while you take your insulin medicines, without missing it even for a day. Don’t have concentrated sugar drinks. Substitute your coffee with sugar free pills or have juices that are decaffeinated.
You will need to keep your doctor’s number handy for yourself, in case you happen to face an emergency; he needs to be a phone call away. In case you experience a loss of appetite and do not feel like eating at all you need to drink some liquids in such a case but don’t go hungry. Cut down on the carbohydrate intake, especially when sugar levels are high.
Treatment for Diabetic Ketoacidosis
The first important step for the Treatment of Diabetic Ketoacidosis is when Insulin is given intravenously to patients. Diabetic Ketoacidosis is treated only when the patient has reached critical levels. The doctors basically look out to normalize the blood sugar levels in the patient. For this reason loads of fluids are given to the patient. Fluids are given to the patient to avoid a condition known as Cerebral Edema or swelling of the brain in layman terms. Patients with Diabetic Ketoacidosis in severe cases are admitted inside the ICU and need to be taken care and monitored constantly.