What is Diabetes Insipidus?
The regulation of fluid in our body is one of the main functions of the body in order to maintain the intake of this fluid in our body, along with the amounts of Urine that is excreted by the kidney. The regulation of the composition of the fluids as well as the volume is also one of the other important functions of the body. Diabetes Insipidus is a condition of the body’s inability to perform the function of regulation of fluids and there is absolutely no control that the body is able to exercise on the intake of fluids and secondly on the urine that is excreted by the body.
Diabetes Insipidus is caused because of the deficiency of a hormone named Vasopressin, which is an antidiuretic Hormone. It is essentially secreted by the main pituitary gland located in the brain.
Symptoms and signs of Diabetes Insipidus
When a person has Diabetes Insipidus he / she feel extremely thirsty and urinate in excessive amounts during the day as well as the night. A Diabetes Insipidus patient experiences Blurred Vision. Symptoms and signs related to Diabetes Insipidus in children results in lack of physical growth and gaining weight. It may also display some effects like vomiting as well as fever.
Causes of Diabetes Insipidus:
There are two main reasons for the cause of Diabetes Insipidus.
- Deficiency of Antidiuretic hormones in the body
- Inability of the kidney to understand the presence of diuretic hormones.
- In case there are people who have tumor in the brain.
- Pituitary gland disease.
Types of Diabetes Insipidus
There are basically four main types of Diabetes Insipidus
- Central Diabetes Insipidus
- Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
- Dispogenic Diabetes Insipidus
- Gestational Diabetes Insipidus
The Diagnosis of Diabetes Insipidus and the Treatment of Diabetes Insipidus
Apart from excessive Urination, Diabetes Insipidus is very difficult to detect and diagnose. The more difficult part is to delineate the causes underlying Diabetes Insipidus. Once the doctor performs the blood test also called the ADH test, there are some other tests that need to be done like the Calcium, Bicarbonate and Sugar Level. Then there is the Urine test and then to detect and examine as to how often the patient urinates, along with detecting the volume of the urine. Then one needs to get the Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan, commonly referred to as the MRI scan of the brain. Finally, it’s quite possible that the doctor may then refer you to an endocrinologist to get the confirmation of Diabetes Insipidus.
The disease once confirmed, additional tests have to be performed and brought down to the exact reason for Diabetes Insipidus and analysis of all the tests for Diabetes Insipidus that are performed.
May be the doctor may examine the ADH levels of your body, and the treatment of Diabetes Insipidus may then include first normalizing your urine excretion and restoring normality in fluid regulation. The treatment of Diabetes Insipidus depends on the patient. Since different patients may respond quite differently to various treatments.