Colon cancer screening
Colon cancer is a cancerous condition that affects the large intestines. Colon cancer is also colorectal cancer. Colon cancer is one of the largest causes of all cancer related deaths in the world. Colon cancer related deaths occur due to the fact that the cancer was detected in a very advanced stage. If colon cancer is detected in its earlier stages, treatment of colon cancer is possible. Here we are going to understand what are the different methods used to screen or test colon cancer and what is colon cancer screening.
What is colon cancer screening test
Colon cancer screening is the process where tests are carried out to detect colon cancer in a person who shows symptoms of colon cancer. Colon cancer screening is used to detect polyps and tumors in the early stages of cancer. Colon cancer screening is used to find any malignant tumors or any other abnormalities in the colon that can be cured by administering treatment for colon cancer. Colon cancer screening is very useful in detecting colon cancer in its early stages and has been a major contributor in saving lives of people who suffer from colon cancer.
Colon Cancer Screening tests
The screening of colon cancer can be carried out using several methods. We have listed the commonly used methods to screen colon cancer here.
Stool test for screening colon cancer
A stool test is carried out on a person who shows signs or symptoms of colon cancer. Stool tests are sued to confirm the presence of blood in your stool. If a person has colon cancer the polyps in the colon or tumors in the colon can cause bloody stools, at times the blood in the stools are in very small quantities and are not visible, the presence of blood can be detected using a stool test for colon cancer screening. The most commonly used stool tests are fecal occult blood test (FOBT), fecal immunochemical test (FIT) and stool DNA test (sDNA).
Sigmoidoscopy for colon cancer screening
Sigmoidoscopy is another method that is widely used for colon cancer screening. Sigmoidoscopy includes a small flexible scope that is inserted into the colon and is used to look inside the colon for any signs of colon cancer or tumors. Sigmoidoscopy for colon cancer is normally carried out along with stool tests.
Colonoscopy for colon cancer screening
Colonoscopy is a method of colon cancer screening where the colon is vied from the inside, this test is similar to sigmoidoscopy, and however in colonoscopy the entire colon is viewed for any signs of colon cancer. Colonoscopy is conducted in two different ways Double-contrast barium enemy and virtual colonoscopy.
Colon cancer screening for people at risk of colon cancer.