Breast tenderness is a common affliction that women who are going through menopause or who are going through hormonal changes suffer. A woman is more likely to develop breast tenderness when hormones are in flux especially during menopause. Breast tenderness is a common affliction in women affecting approximately 70% of all women at some time or the other. Learn more about what is breast tenderness here.
Most women would show signs of breast tenderness or sore breast when they are undergoing pre-menstrual syndrome, which often starts a week before her periods begin. While in some women the soreness of the breasts subside once the periods start , in others the soreness or tenderness of the breast continue throughout the periods.
The most common cause of breast tenderness is due to fibrocystic breast changes. These changes are caused by the swelling of very small cysts filled with fluid in the connective tissue in the breast. Changes usually occur 7-10 days before menstruation and disappear once the periods are over.
Other causes of breast tenderness include:
- Chest infection
- Hormonal imbalances, especially a lot of estrogen
- Birth control pills
- Breastfeeding, when your breasts are full of milk
- Breast lesion
- A non-cancerous tumor in the breast called a fibromas
- Breast cysts
- Breast cancer.
Diagnosis of Breast Tenderness
Diagnosis of tender breast can be done by a doctor’s examination patient’s breasts. He or she may recommend other tests, such as:
- A mammogram
- A breast ultrasound
- Breast thermography
- A biopsy
- Examination of nipple discharge
- Blood tests.
Treatment for Breast Tenderness
For women who are experiencing tender breast , it is possible that they may not need any medication or treatment , however if the tenderness of the breast continue for a longer duration it is advisable to contact a doctor. Breast tenderness treatments that doctor may recommend are:
- Drink less or no caffeine-containing beverages.
- Add vitamin E and A to the diet.
- Reduce salt in diet, especially from 1 to 2 weeks before menses.
- Use a bra that gives good support, especially if you exercise or have large breasts.
- diuretic prescribed by doctor.
- Hormones and other medications prescribed by doctors are necessary.
- If one has some infection, antibiotics is prescribed by doctor.
Surgery is rarely necessary. But, if patient has a breast cyst, doctor may drain it through surgical procedures.
Prevention against Breast Tenderness
Always do monthly breast self-exams after menstrual period, have a yearly exam by a doctor, Because lumps can be a symptom of either fibrocystic breast changes or cancer, it is important consult a doctor when:
- New lumps appear.
- An existing lump changes in some way.
- Other breast symptoms develop, such as dimpling of the skin or discharge from the nipple.
Proper care is necessary to avoid future chances of breast tenderness. To prevent breast changes, some providers advise avoiding food and beverages that contain caffeine, such as coffee, tea, cola, and chocolate.