Bipolar II disorder also known as bipolar 2 disorders or bipolar type 2 is “characterized by one or more depressive episodes accompanied by at least one episode of mania The key differentiation between bipolar 1 and bipolar 2 is that bipolar 2 has hippomanic but not manic episodes, Significantly the symptoms of mania are usually less severe in Bipolar II disorder.. Also, while persons with bipolar I disorder may show further psychotic symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations, bipolar II disorder does not have psychotic features. Learn more about what is bipolar II disorder here.
Bipolar II disorder is a type of mental illness. Bipolar II disorder is alike to bipolar I disorder, with moods swings swinging between highs and lows more often .On the other hand, in bipolar II disorder, the “up” moods do not become full-on mania. The less-intense moods in bipolar II disorder are called hypomania episodes, or hypomania.
A person affected by bipolar II disorder has had at least one hypo manic period in life. Most people with bipolar II disorder also experience from episodes of depression. This is where the term “manic depression” comes from .Between episodes of hypomania and depression, many people with bipolar II disorder live customary lives.
Symptoms of Bipolar II Disorder
When a person is suffering from Bipolar II disorder and is experiencing a hypo manic period, erratic mood patterns can visible as either euphoria or as irritability.
Bipolar II symptoms during hypomanic episodes include:
•Switching unexpectedly from one thought to the subsequently
• fast talking
• with hyperactivity and a decreased need for sleep
People experiencing hypomanic episodes are often somewhat enjoyable to be about. They can frequently give the feeling like the “life of the party” , cracking jokes, taking an deep attention in other people, and infecting others with their optimistic frame of mind Hypomania can also lead to erratic and unhealthy behaviour. People in hypomania episodes may splurge money, have risky sex, and engage in other reckless or risky behaviours.
Also, most of the people with bipolar II disorder have significant depressive episodes. These depressive episodes are recognized to happen soon after hypomania subsides, or much later. A few people cycle back and forth between hypomania and depression, while others have long-lasting periods of normal mood in among episodes. An episode of hypomania can very last anywhere from a few days to several years. Most commonly, symptoms persist for a few weeks to a few months.
Depressive episodes in bipolar II disorder are alike to clinical gloominess, with depressed mood, loss of happiness, little force and activity, thoughts of guilt or unimportance, and belief of suicide. Depressive symptoms of bipolar disorder can very last weeks, months, or not often years.
Treatments for Bipolar II Disorder
Hypomania often masquerades as pleasure and harsh cheerfulness. When hypomania is not causing unhealthy behaviour, it usually goes unnoticed. People with bipolar II disorder should take precautionary drugs that plane out moods over the long term. These avoid the negative cost of hypomania, and also help to avoid episodes of depression.