Autism is lifelong disability developmental disorder that affects the way a person communicates and interacts with others. Children and adults with autism have problems with everyday social interaction. Their ability to develop friendships is generally limited as is their ability to understand other people’s emotional expression. Learn more about what is autism here.
Autism is a disorder that impacts the way a person interacts with others.People with autism often also are affected by learning disabilities, However everyone with the autism share the same common problem of having a hard time understanding the world.
People generally refer to people with autism as high functioning or low function. People with autism may have a lot of knowledge, making them appear high-functioning in some areas at the same time have difficulty in functioning in other areas..
People with autism are not different physicaly from others.. They look like everyone else. People tend to blame the parents of autistic children for their “bad behavior” and tantrums. With increasing awareness of autism, most parents hope that these misunderstandings are reduced.
Persons with autism may share a diagnosis, but little else. Some have good motor planning,some have sensory dysfunction, Some have wonderful memories, Some are talkative,. Like all people, children with autism have many similarities and differences.
A child with a autism can be diagnosed with the condition at any age,however a significant proportion of children are diagnosed between 2 and 5 years, many people are diagnosed earlier and later. Early intervention has been shown to significantly improve the success rate for the treatment of autism. The key is to find a learning style that the child reacts to positively. There are several types of assistance to a person with autism can benefit.
The triad of impairments
People with autism have a limited and repetitive behaviors and interests and problems with communication and social interaction. These changes are known as the triad of impairments.
The cause of autism
There is no single cause of autism known. Some of the factors thought to the possible causes are:
• Genetic factors Exposure to viral diseases and infections (like measles)
• Physical trauma (e.g. birth injury)
• Metabolic disorders (e.g. PKU)
There is strong evidence for a biological / neurological causes of autism. New methods for studying brain anatomy and function has shown that there are constant differences between the brains of autistic children and non-autistic people. It appears that structural differences can occur in one or more parts of the brain and still happens in autism.
Impaired Communication in autism
• Use facial expression slightly
• Uses few gestures
• May have little or no intervention or significantly excessive verbal
• Too much repetition or echo words or phrases (echolalia)
• Does not seem to understand the meaning of the words
• Understand and use only words in the literal sense
Impaired social functioning in autism
• Does not like to meet people Unusual use of eye contact
• Seek social contact in an unusual way
• Not able to interact in games that involve movement
• Provides little or no attention to the needs and feelings to others Interest repetitive, stereotyped and restricted patterns of behavior
• Responds to objects or toys in an unusual and repetitive way Unusually intense interest in an one particulararea Likes to hear the same story or watch the same video over and over again