The autism spectrum, which is also known as autism spectrum disorders or autism spectrum conditions is a spectrum of psychological conditions marked by extensive abnormalities of social interactions and communication, as well as limited interests and repetitive activities. Autism is a very complex developmental disorder that causes problems in patients related to social interaction and communication. Symptoms of autism generally begin before the age of three and can cause delays or troubles in many different abilities that develop from child hood to adulthood. Different patients with autism can have very dissimilar symptoms there fore doctors think of autism as a “spectrum” disorder, i.e. a set of disorders with alike features. Some patients may suffer from mild symptoms, while another may have severe signs but still they both suffer from autism spectrum disorder.
What is Autism Spectrum
The autism spectrum disorder is defined in five forms given below
- Classic autism
- Asperger syndrome
- Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS), which is also called as atypical autism.
- Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
- Rett syndrome.
The main features of autism spectrum disorders are qualitative impairments of social communication and interaction, which is accompanied with restricted and repetitive behavior and interests. Individual indications happen in the general population and appear not to relate highly, without a sharp line or demarcation separating pathological severity from general characteristics. Other aspects of autism spectrum or ASD, which is atypical, eating, are also widespread but are not necessary for diagnosis; but they can affect the individual or his family members.
All children suffering with ASD demonstrate problems in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication with people, and repetitive actions or interests. In addition to this they will frequently have strange responses to sensory experiences, like certain sounds or the way things look. Each of these indications varies from mild to severe. They will happen in each individual child differently than the other. For example, a child may have little problem in learning to read but may show intensely poor social interaction. Each kid will show communication, social, and behavioral patterns that are peculiar to him but fit into the overall identification of ASD.
Children who are suffering from autism spectrum do not track the characteristic patterns of child growth. In a number of children, hints of upcoming problems may be evident from birth but in most cases, the troubles in communication and social skills become more obvious as the child lags behind other kids the same age group. Some other kids start absolutely normal but often between 12 and 36 months of age the differences in the way they respond to people and other strange behaviors become noticeable. Some parents state the change as being sudden, and that their kids start to rebuff people, behave strangely, and start loosing language and social skills they had earlier acquired. In some other cases, there is a leveling, of development so that the distinction between the child who suffers from autism and other children of the same age group become more obvious. Autism spectrum is distinct by a certain set of behaviors that can vary from the very mild symptoms to the severe symptoms.
Many Students who have Autism spectrum sometimes can go normally to a regular school. But most of the kids with autism need calmer, more orderly surroundings than the other normal kids. They also need special teachers who are trained to recognize the problems they suffer with communicating and learning. They may study at home or in special classes at special schools. Kids with mild autism sometime grow up and are able to live on their own. Those with more severe difficulties will always need some sort of help. But all kids with autism have brighter futures if they have the support and understanding of various people surrounding them like doctors, teachers, caregivers, family and friends and can lead a normal life like any person not afflicted with Autism spectrum disorder.