What is Uveitis in dogs:
Uveitis in dogs refers to condition of inflammation of all or some parts of the uveal tract, comprising ciliary body, choroid and iris. Uvea is the middle layer of the eye. Uveitis in dogs can be classified into two types namely anterior Uveitis and posterior Uveitis. The former refers to the swollen ciliary body and the iris and the later refers to the inflammation in retina and choroid. The condition is caused by numerous factors ranging from a mild bacterial infection to trauma and hepatitis. Uveitis in dogs is a dangerous condition, which lead towards blindness in dogs and require immediate medical attention. Treatment of Uveitis in dogs focuses on reducing the inflammation and the underlying cause of the inflammation.
Causes of Uveitis in dogs:
Main causes of Uveitis in dogs if the condition includes the following:
• Bacterial spreads by ticks – Ehrlichia
• Spotted fever
• Lyme disease
• Uterus infection in female dogs
• Viral infection and Hepatitis
• Fungal infection
• Formation of scar tissue
• Disease in retina
Signs and symptoms of Uveitis in dogs:
Common symptoms of Uveitis in dogs include the following:
• Pain in the eyes
• Unusual tears
• Bleeding in the eyes
• Loss of vision
• Change in the colour of iris
The symptoms of anterior Uveitis in dogs have additional symptoms, which include the following:
• Edema – abnormal amount of fluids in the eye
• Hypermia – Reduced blood circulation and blood flow to the eyes
• Hyphema – Accretion of blood in the front part of the eye (Occurs mainly after trauma)
• Iris thickening
• Miosis – Muscles constraint in eyes
Treatment of Uveitis in dogs:
Individual treatment methods are provided for each affected dogs. Initial treatment of Uveitis in dogs focuses on reducing the inflammation, which is the main cause of Uveitis. Reducing the inflammation eliminates the risk of glaucoma. Further treatment is offered to reduce the pain associated with the infection. Here is the brief description about the types of treatment extended to treat Uveitis in dogs.
Corticosteroid treatment – After diagnosing the condition, the treatment is commenced with the goal of controlling the inflammation, which is quite dangerous leading towards eye pressure. Drugs like prednisolone and corticosteroid dexamethasone are prescribed to suppress the inflammation. These drugs are effective in penetrating through the cornea and are effective in treating the condition. Further, to reduce the pain, Topical atropine is prescribed.
When the condition is associated with blurred vision or loss of vision, internal corticosteroids are provided for a quick recovery from the inflammation to recover from the vision problem. However, before providing these drugs, the veterinarian diagnoses the presence of any bacterial or fungal infection. Internal corticosteroid is given two times a day.
NSAID Treatment – When the Uveitis in dogs is accompanied with cornea damage, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines are provided. Inflammation is reduced much faster than the corticosteroids.
After eliminating or suppressing the inflammation and the pain, additional treatment is focused on treating i.e prescribing appropriate drugs to eliminate the symptoms and the causes of the condition.