What is thyroid problem in dogs?
Thyroid problems are caused when the thyroid gland fails to function normally, thyroid problems normally affect humans, and women are more prone get thyroid problems. Dogs too suffer from thyroid problems; just like humans do and thyroid problems in dogs are common. Thyroid problems in dogs are one of the serious and severe health disorder diagnosed in dogs.
Thyroid is a gland in dogs that secretes a hormone for controlling the metabolic rates and several other metabolic activities of the body in dogs. The gland is placed in the front part of neck of the dogs and the actual size of the gland varies with breed and growth of dogs. Eventually, thyroid level in dogs should be maintained in a normal level, both low level of thyroid hormone and high level of thyroid hormone are dangerous.
Causes of thyroid problems in dogs
Thyroid problems in dogs generally occur when the said gland in the neck fails to function properly or stops its functioning. Thyroid problems in dogs can be classified into two types namely hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is the condition refers to abnormal and very high level of hormones secreted by thyroid glands being over activity and on the other hand, hypothyroidism is the condition refers inactive thyroid glands to produce sufficient amount of thyroid hormones. Eventually, over activity or under activity of thyroid gland in secretion of thyroid hormones is the cause of thyroid problems in dogs.
Symptoms of thyroid problems in dogs
Change in behaviour and lethargy are the two common signs of thyroid problems in dogs. Following are the other signs and symptoms of thyroid problems in dogs.
- Sudden, unexpected and unexplained weight gain
- Unusual loss of hair – Where hairy dogs tend to lose more than 50% of the hair and constant hair fall
- Skin getting dry and pale
- Strange and erratic behaviour
- Inflammation of skin and puffy eyes
- Unusual and change in sleepiness
Dogs suffering from hyperthyroidism are characterised with symptoms of weight loss, breathing problems and vomiting with above mentioned signs excepting weight gain.
As stated above, thyroid problems in dogs are caused due to over secretion or under secretion of hormones by thyroid gland. When we ask what causes the thyroid glands to function abnormally, the answer is nothing but the damages to the gland. Thyroid glands are damaged in dogs when it is affected by the immune system and lead towards lack of hormone production. Increased production of hormones is also caused due to damaged tissues in thyroid which is found to be effect of excessive hormone supplements fed to dog.
Treatment of thyroid problems in dogs
Treatment for thyroid problems in dogs is provided based on the type of thyroid problem. In common, oral drugs are prescribed by the vet to treat the condition. Hypothyroidism is treated by prescription of appropriate hormonal drugs assisting in producing sufficient hormone, such as thyroxine pills or capsules. To avoid future problems and side effects, the pet owners should take care about the giving appropriate dosages are prescribed the vet. Hyperthyroidism is also treated by prescribing tapazole pills, which are highly effective in managing the high level of thyroid hormones in dogs. In some severe cases of extreme level of thyroid hormones in dogs, surgery is insisted for removal of the thyroid gland from dogs.
Until completion of treatment for thyroid problems in dogs in either case, blood tests are performed on a regular basis to assess the level of thyroid hormones in the body of the dogs.