Hypertension refers to the condition of elevated level of blood pressure. When the blood pressure level in pulmonary arteries is increased, it is referred as pulmonary hypertension. The increase in blood pressure is associated with lungs and this condition is considered a rarest lung disorder, which is quite uncommon. Primary pulmonary hypertension is one of the subtypes of pulmonary hypertension, which is an idiopathic condition, where it just occurs without any cause. Increased level of blood pressure in pulmonary arteries result towards narrowing the lungs and expands the right ventricle of the heart. The enlarged ventricle gradually tends to lose its ability and becomes much weaker in pumping the blood to send to lungs for purification. Eventually, the difficulty in blood supply result towards failure of heart.
Let us see the warning signs and symptoms of primary pulmonary hypertension.
Elevation in the blood pressure levels in the pulmonary arteries has no symptoms or warning signs. Signs of primary pulmonary hypertension are likely to appear only when the condition is developed. Since lungs are associated with this condition, the first and foremost problem experienced by patients is breathing difficulty. Consistent problems in breathing might by the warning sign of primary pulmonary hypertension. Generally, affected people experience troubled breathing while climbing the stairs, walking for a long distance and in all similar routine activities. Primary symptom of primary pulmonary hypertension is shortness of breath.
Breathing difficulty is closely followed by general tiredness and weakness, which is caused due to lack of oxygen supply. Since there is insufficient supply of purified oxygen to all parts of the body including brain, lack of quantity of oxygen in brain lead towards fainting. Other common signs of primary pulmonary hypertension include,
- Loss of energy
When the condition is likely to be progressed, the following symptoms are experienced by the patients, which are as follows.
- Inflammation or swollen ankles
- Swelling in the hands and legs
- Change in the skin colour, ranging from pale skin to pale bluish skin
- Bluish lips
- Swollen abdomen appears like bloated stomach
Above mentioned symptoms of primary pulmonary hypertension are likely to be detected in the mild stage of the condition. Experiencing few or all of the symptoms is quite obvious towards developing a severe primary pulmonary hypertension. Unfortunately, there are some cases where it might turn out be a severe condition with no apparent symptoms or warning signs.
Let us see the symptoms of primary pulmonary hypertension in the severe or advanced stage.
Initial signs of primary pulmonary hypertension are likely to get aggravated along with the progression of the condition. For instance, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties are experienced by patients even in doing small activities like sitting, standing and even in drinking and eating. The severity of the condition can be detected from the chest pain, which is caused due to high stress and strain on heart towards pumping blood. Other symptoms of primary pulmonary hypertension in advanced stage include the following along with the earlier stated symptoms.
- Frequent chest pain ranging from mild to severe
- Irregular heart beat including both rapid heartbeats and slower heartbeats
- Sensation of throbbing
- Fluid retention worsen the swelling in the legs
- Hearing louder heartbeats with a stethoscope
Being a fatal condition with limited life expectancy of 3 years, it is quite important to get appropriate diagnosis immediately on experiencing any of the symptoms stated above, which helps in treating the condition and enhancing the mortality rate.