Ringworm is a term that is used to describe a skin condition caused by fungal infection. Unlike its name ring worm is not caused by worms but a fungal infection that affects the skin tissue producing round red spots on the skin. We would be learning more about ringworm in this write up called ringworm symptoms and treatment.
Ringworm Symptoms and Treatment:
Ringworm is a fungal infection that affects the skin causing round red spots to appear. The scientific name for ringworm is tinea. Ringworm can affect almost anyone, however ringworm is found to be a very common fungal infection among children. The infection is known to affect animals like dogs and cats as well and you may also see multiple infected sites on a person.Ringworm is a very contagious disease and spreads through contact of the infected skin area. Ringworm infections are very common in humid damp conditions .
Causes of ringworm
Ringworm is caused by a fungi, called a dermatophytes or skin fungi, when someone is infected by a dermatophytes fungi that condition is called as dermatophytosis. These skin fungi live on the dead keratin layer found on the surface of skin cells. Hot and moist conditions help these fungi to propagate, this is the reason that ringworm is found to be more common in the groin, skin folds and toes, which can remain moist due to sweating. When ring worm affects the toes it is called athletes foot.
Symptoms of Ringworm
Symptoms of ringworm depend on the area of the body that has been affected and the type of ringworm infection. The most common symptoms of ringworm are:
- Round red scaly patches of skin that may be raised from the surrounding area. It can cause itching and may blister and ooze.
- The round patches usually have sharply defined edges and may have a raised ring around the red patch.
- Bald patches accompanied with scaling and inflammation when ringworm affects areas of skin with hair on it like the beard and scalp.
- Ringworm causes discoloration on the nails making them yellowish, with thickening of the nails and become crumbly.
Though ringworm is highly contagious, ringworm can be treated with self medication and it usually takes about 30 days for the infection to dissapear. Some of the methods to treat ringworm are:
- Maintain good personal hygiene, keep yourself clean and ensure you’re your skin is dry, especially the infected area.
- Apply a antifungal to the infected area, you can use drying powder, lotions, creams that contain miconazole, clotrimazole, or similar ingredients.
If the ringworm infection is very severe, you may need a doctor to treat the condition. In such cases antifungal and antibiotics pills are prescribed.