Nearly all puppies, at one point of time or another experience a bout of puppy diarrhea. Generally most diarrhea lasts a few days; however when loose bowels continue over a longer period of time it can be a cause for concern for the puppy owner especially if the diarrhea gets severe, and is manifested as uncontrolled liquid squirts.
Causes of Puppy Diarrhea
In a young puppy, diarrhea may caused by various viruses and parasites. The stool sample examination by a vet is a good idea to check for Coccidia infection or Coccidiosis, Trichomonas, Giardia or other infections in puppies. If your puppy of two week old gets diarrhea, it could be due to worms. Usually pups are not dewormed till 3 weeks, but some do it at 2 weeks. When worms in the puppy become active, they can cause diarrhea. When the diarrhea worsens, even after using a worming drug, the infection may be coccidia. Although in mild cases diarrhea may resolve without any treatment. The diarrhea accompanied by vomiting, tiredness or any other behavioral changes in the puppy should be treated as a medical emergency.
Diarrhea in puppies is always an indication of an underlying problem, and is not a disease in itself. The Diarrhea in puppies can be used to describe a varying severity of a problem, from irregular loose stools to a nonstop watery pour out of faeces. there are many latent causes of diarrhea in puppies, and finding the cause can call for a joint effort by you and your veterinarian .Some of the causes of acute diarrhea in puppies can include bacterial infections, such as salmonella and E.coli, exposure to toxins, such as insecticide and lead, and even stress can cause this problem. One of the most frequent causes of diarrhea is intestinal upset in puppies.
When there is a sudden change in the type of food, giving a different treat, or feeding table scraps can cause a bout of diarrhea in puppies. This type of diarrhea which is caused by food changes can often be treated at home, so long as the diarrhea is not very severe, and the puppy behaves and feel normal. When the diarrhea subsides, you can slowly place the puppy back on their original diet, and change gradually to the new diet. But if the diarrhea does not show improvement, or gets worse, visit to a veterinary doctor may be necessary for the treatment.
Treatment of Puppy Diarrhea
The treatment of diarrhea in puppies is aimed at diagnosing the underlying trouble, and treating it. If your puppy has had loose stools for less than twenty four hours, but is acting normally, you may be able to wait and see and it may get alright by itself. However, if the puppy is showing some additional signs of distress, or has had increased frequency of diarrhea, a visit to your veterinarian in necessary. Chronic or acute, diarrhea is always a sign of an underlying medical state that needs to be addressed immediately. Diarrhea in itself has the potential to be life threatening for your puppy, therefore puppies showing signs of other medical problems like vomiting along with diarrhea, should straight away be taken to a veterinarian. As the young puppies are very susceptible to several potentially fatal viruses, the incidence of diarrhea in any puppy should be taken as a medical emergency and treated immediately.