Polycystic kidney disease in dogs is very uncommon kidney disease, which is found only in certain breeds. It is shortly referred as PKD in dogs. Polycystic kidney disease in dogs in dogs is an inherited condition, where it has no evident cure similar to any other inherited disease. The breeds that are commonly affected by this condition are those belong to beagles and terriers. The major underlying cause of this condition in dogs is only due to genealogy i,e the genetic factors associated with these breeds. Since there is no treatment for polycystic kidney disease in dogs and it is also an irreversible condition, the only thing the pet owners can do saving their dogs is keep the dogs under control with great care and take appropriate steps in preventing the spreading of cysts.
It is quite impossible to detect the disease in newborn puppies because the puppies are found to be quite normal and the symptoms are likely to develop only when they grow. The growth of puppies is associated with growth of cysts. The growth cysts are characterized by the hereditary characters of the breed as well the diet fed to the dogs. The growth of cysts affects the normal functions of kidney and eats the kidney tissues, leading towards gradual kidney failure.
Besides the genetic factors in certain breeds and the inherited condition, there is no obvious cause of polycystic kidney disease in dogs.
Symptoms of Polycystic kidney disease in dogs:
As said earlier, there will be no apparent symptoms of Polycystic kidney disease in dogs in puppies and appears when the dog grows. The symptoms of polycystic kidney disease in dogs include the following:
• Dogs with this condition feel very thirsty and tend to drink huge quantity of water.
• Increased water consumption result in increased urination.
• Difficulty in eating and improper food digestion, lead towards loss of appetite
• Frequent vomiting due to indigestion
• Loss of weight due to lack of nutrition
• Hypertension, the high blood pressure and anger caused due to above facts
• Behavioural changes
• Confused mind state
Treatment of polycystic kidney disease in dogs:
When the pet owner detects any or all of the above symptoms of polycystic kidney disease in dogs, it should be immediately reported to the veterinarians. The Vet diagnoses the condition by biopsy or by an ultrasound. Once the condition is diagnosed, the rapidity of growth and spread should be assessed. In some dogs, the condition is associated with pain. Since there is no evident treatment of Polycystic kidney disease in dogs in dogs, the treatment is generally provided to reduce the pain and the growth of cysts and prevent from further spread of cysts. When the dogs suffer from severe pain, several doses of painkillers are prescribed to reduce the suffering. Vitamin D and calcitriol supplements are prescribed to stop the cysts spreading.
The dogs diagnosed with polycystic kidney disease required periodical medical examination to assess the extent of growth of cysts and the level of kidney damage. Periodic medical check up is highly recommended because the cysts can easily develop bacterial infection, which might lead towards several diseases. Further, when there is enormous growth of cysts in kidneys with fluids, the fluid is reduced and removed from cysts through injection.