Pervasive Developmental Disorder is one of five categories of Autism Spectrum Disorders and is frequently referred to as atypical autism. The indicative class of pervasive developmental disorders or PDD refers to a set of disorders distinguished by delays in the progress of socialization and communication skills in the patient. Parents may notice symptoms of this condition as early as infancy, although the usual age of beginning is before 3 years of age. Symptoms may comprise difficulties with using and understanding language for communication; difficulty relating to different people, entities, and happenings; odd play with toys and other items; complexity with changes in schedule or familiar surroundings, and repetitive body movements or behavior patterns and activities.
Autism which is a developmental brain disorder described by impaired social interaction and communication skills and an imperfect range of behavior and interests is the most characteristic and best studied PDD or Pervasive Developmental Disorder. The other types of PDD consist of conditions like Asperger’s Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, and Rett’s Syndrome. The Children who suffer with Pervasive Developmental Disorders differ extensively in abilities, intelligence, and actions. Some kids do not speak at all, other kids speak but in limited phrases or dialogues, and some have comparatively average language development. Repetitive play abilities and imperfect social skills are usually obvious. Strange responses to sensory information, such as loud and shrill noises and lights, are also frequent.
Symptoms of Pervasive Developmental Disorder
Autistic disorder in its the majority of severe presentation happens to a child aged 3 years who presents with no expressive speech, and seeks comfort from parents in atypical ways, kid engages in repetitive hand flapping, and also makes no eye contact. In the mildest manifestations, Pervasive Developmental Disorders not otherwise specified may relate to a child aged 9 years with poor social interactions, normal verbal abilities, and mild nonverbal problems. The mild nonverbal disabilities make it hard for the child to pursue subtle social cues that most kids simply interpret as worry, anger, or sadness. The child’s obsession with a limited interest and concentration to detail often tires the patience of kids around him with similar interests but who are developing normally.
Symptoms of Pervasive Developmental Disorders may start during the first year of life and consist of lack of joint attention. An infant of 1-year age would make eye contact with a parent, point at an item for the parent to see, and smile back if the parents make out the object. A kid at risk for Pervasive Developmental Disorders frequently lacks these behaviors and is the indication for the same. Some such kids may not get clinical attention until adolescence. Adolescents with normal growth start to use abstract thinking, understand that people have conflicting opinions, and learn to accept them. But the adolescents suffering with Pervasive Developmental Disorders often present with rigid thinking, and are incapable to accept other’s opinions, and get angry behaviorally when they cannot persuade others to stick only to their view.
Treatment of Pervasive Developmental Disorder
There is no specific treatment for Pervasive Developmental Disorder and medications are used to cater to specific behavioral problems. The therapy for children with PDD should be particular according to requirement. Some kids with Pervasive Developmental Disorders or PDD benefit from specialized classrooms in which the size of the class is small and teaching is imparted on a one-to-one basis while the others kids function well in standard special education classes or regular classes with a little additional support to them . Early measures including suitable and specialized educational programs and support services play a vital job in improving the result of individuals with Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Once a child with PDD comes to the school, he or she will frequently be very keen to relate with classmates, but may do something socially different than the other kids and is unable to make real connections. Pervasive Developmental Disorders is not lethal and does not influence normal life expectancy of a child suffering from it but it certainly require special attention so that the patient may lead a normal life.