What is Meningitis in Dogs
The Term ‘meningitis’ is for a condition where the meninges or the membrane that surrounds the brain and the spinal cord gets inflamed. This sickness is also called as spinal meningitis in dogs and it affects the brain of the dog and its spinal cord, i.e., it affects the central nervous system of the dog.
Causes of Meningitis in Dogs
Meningitis is diagnosed in all dog breeds, but few specific breeds are known to be more inclined to get this illness. The Viral or bacterial infection is considered to be the primary cause of this health disorder in dogs. When the cause of this disorder is attributed to a viral infection called canine distemper and parvovirus, then this illness is termed as viral meningitis in dogs. There is an unexpected beginning of this illness and in a lot of cases, the results can be deadly. However, fast action to start medical treatment enhances the survival rate in the dogs. In order to give the required treatment, the most significant need is to be attentive of the different meningitis indications in dogs.
Symptoms of Meningitis in Dogs
The initial meningitis symptoms in dogs comprise stiff neck, fever, poor desire for food, stiffness in leg muscles and exhaustion. The stiffness makes the dog’s legs to twist and it decreases mobility of the dog. The stiffness produced in the dog’s body may become so harsh that it might cause the head of the dog to remain in a slanted position. The dog also suffers from spasms in the back, seizures and become very sensitive to touch or even small noises. The Other symptoms of meningitis in dogs are problems in coordination r ataxia which is an inability to coordinate the voluntary muscle movements staggering walk and unsteady movements it may be noticed along with strange humming sound. The failure in coordination makes the dog to stagger off to the side while trying to walk around. The dogs may also be inclined to walk with their legs spread out more than the normal spread. Meningitis in dogs, when not treated, show severe symptoms of blindness, depression, bewilderment, agitation and in some cases, even paralysis may happen.
Most of the cases of canine meningitis are caused by the secondary complications of other diseases that start somewhere else in the body of the dog, and include bacterial, viral, parasitic, protozoan or fungal infections. The causative factor can be anything that can start inflammation in a dog. Some of the known causes of canine meningitis are infected bite wounds on the head and neck of the dog and the migration of bacteria to the brain from infected nasal passages, sinuses, middle ears or from elsewhere. Meningitis in dogs can also be aseptic, which means that it is produced by a non-bacterial disease with origin unknown. The aseptic meningitis generally affects young and large-breed dogs that are between 4 and 24 months of age groups. Meningitis in dogs is a very serious condition that should not be taken carelessly.
Treatment of Meningitis in Dogs
The treatment and medication Meningitis in dogs includes anti-Inflammatory medications, Steroid medications, antibiotics or anti-seizure medications may also be recommended and prescribed in the course of the treatment.