What is Leptospirosis in dogs
Leptospirosis in dogs is an ailment of worldwide significance and contaminates both animals and humans. The scientific name given to the infecting organism is Leptospira interrogans sensu lato. In this species there are many different strains of organisms but amongst these diverse strains there are only eight that are of significance for dogs and cats. The different strains cause different stages and kinds of disease depending on the animals they contaminate. Leptospirosis in dogs is a cause of health related problem in dogs, people, and livestock. There are some vaccines available to prevent Leptospirosis in dogs, but generally only for one or two of the more common strains of this species. Also the vaccination for Leptospirosis in dogs against one strain does not protect a dog against the other strains. The Current canine vaccines that are available protect against the serovars canicola and icterohaemorrhagiae. Due to vaccines these two serovars have been decreasing in total number of infections, but regrettably, infections by the other serovars that contaminate dogs such as grippotyphosa, Pomona, and Bratislava have increased.
Symptoms of Leptospirosis in dogs
The Leptospirosis in dogs can produce a number of signs and symptoms like uveitis and conjunctivitis in dogs, etc. Some of such symptoms of Leptospirosis in dogs are listed below:
• The dog may have Fever ranging from 103 to 105 degree Fahrenheit.
• Dog may have Loss of Appetite
• Disease produces Muscle pain or tenderness
• It can cause Joint pain
• It can cause Abdominal pain
• It can cause Nausea and vomiting
• It can cause Lethargy in dogs
• It can cause Dehydration
• It can cause Increased thirst
• It can cause Depression
• It can cause Change in urine color (orange or red colored urine)
• Leptospirosis can produce Frequent urination
• Leptospirosis can cause Jaundice in dogs.
Treatment of Leptospirosis in dogs
Leptospirosis in dogs can be treated with antibiotics. Generally, more than one kind of antibiotics is used for the treatment of leptospirosis in dogs. Beside the antibiotics, supportive therapy in the form of fluid therapy may also be required to treat the dog. The Supportive therapy is mostly necessary to repeal the kidney damage which is caused by the infection. This helps to raise the blood flow to the kidney, and restore kidney filtration and urine production in the dogs. If the infection in the dog is too severe and has caused major damage to the kidneys, then hemodialysis may be required to treat it. Leptospirosis in dog’s prognosis depends on a number of factors, such as, the strain of the bacteria that has contaminated the dog, and for how long the dog has been infected before the start of the treatment.
These days, vaccinations are available for few strains of Leptospira bacteria. To avert leptospirosis in dogs and reinstate dog health, you have to take appropriate dog care and keep the dog away from the potential sources of infection such as, the carrier animals, animals that are already infected with Leptospira and contaminated water and foods sources. As the humans can too catch leptospirosis from infected animal, especially by coming in contact with the infected urine or vomit of the animals, proper care should be taken.