What is lead poisoning
Lead poisoning in dogs happens when the levels of lead in the blood reaches hazardous levels. Signs of lead poisoning in dogs occur when the lead levels in the blood rise above normal levels. This normally takes place due to the intake of lead paint that is used for renovating the households. A dog can also have high amounts of lead in the body, when it chews foreign articles that contain lead. These consist of fishing weights, toys, drapery weights, tiles and many other items. Other sources of lead poisoning in dogs consist of car solder, golf balls, batteries, and plumbing materials. Puppies are more expected to be affected with lead poisoning because they are reckless in chewing unknown things. A simple way to prevent lead poisoning in dogs is to keep the dog away from articles that have lead. It is important to first discover the sources of lead poisoning in dogs. Suitable actions and correct care should be taken to put off lead exposure and lead poisoning in dogs.
Symptoms of lead poisoning in dogs
Lead poisoning in dogs affects many body organs particularly the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract of the dog. Lead poisoning symptoms in dogs include abdominal pain, loss of appetite in dog, vomiting, constipation then diarrhea, grinding of jaws, blindness, fits, muscle contractions, activities changes, and in coordination in movements. An initial diagnosis of Lead poisoning in dogs is made based on clinical indications, record provided for exposure to lead, and reaction to particular treatments. Lead poisoning in dogs should be considered any time when the dog shows both GI tract and nervous system signs pointing towards lead intake. Examining the blood under the microscope may illustrate anomaly of the red blood cells, although this is not a perfect diagnostic test for confirming Lead poisoning in dogs. The ultimate diagnostic test is examining the lead concentration level in the blood of the dog.
Treatment of lead poisoning in dogs
Treatment for Lead poisoning in dogs is intended at removing any residual lead from the GI tract of the dog by inducing vomiting to bring out all the contents of the stomach if the exposure to lead is very recent, or through surgery, if a long time has elapsed. Lead poisoning symptoms in dogs such as fits and nausea are also treated as essential Treatment for Lead poisoning in dogs is most useful when given in time. The main treatment of Lead poisoning in dogs entails removing the high concentration of lead in the stomach by inducing vomiting. In cases of Lead poisoning in dogs where the dog has swallowed an object, the surgical methods are used to eliminate the source of lead. The most favored treatment for heavy lead poisoning in dogs is chelation therapy in which certain medicines called as chelating agent are given to eliminate unnecessary poisonous substances from the body. The chelating agent which is an amino acid is given orally; this agent binds with lead and allows lead to be excreted out from the body. The Anti-convulsant medicines like diazepam or pentobarbital are also given to manage fits.