What are Kidney Stones in Dogs
Kidney stones in dogs are made of mineral salts normally found in the body of the dog like calcium, ammonia, phosphorus and magnesium. When the concentration of mineral salts is too elevated in the urine, they precipitate and start forming kidney stones in dogs. It all begins with a formation of a single irritating particle.
Causes of Kidney Stones in Dogs
In many such cases, the reason for kidney stones in dogs, is frequently a bit of debris from urinary tract infections caused in the dogs. Almost immediately the other minerals start depositing on its surface, layer upon layer. Gradually, it grows larger and forms a kidney stone which is theoretically called anephrolith and have a composition and uniformity analogous to that of a limestone. While there are no injurious effects of kidney stones in dogs as long as they keep on being in the kidneys, the troubles initiate when they move into the urinary tract to travel for the outside. Passing a kidney stone is doubtlessly just as agonizing for dogs as for humans. But if they’re too big to find their way out, they’ll choke up your dog’s urinary system and cause immediate emergency.
Types of Kidney Stones in Dogs
The bladder and urethral kidney stones in dogs may be big or small, solo or multiple, and may pass unexpectedly or block the lower urinary tract. The majority of bladder stones are struvites that is they’re made up of magnesium ammonium phosphate. They develop in alkaline urine and are frequently preceded by a bladder infection in the dog. The bacteria and other sediment of urine form nodes around in which the ammonium phosphate settles down. The uric acid stones are produced in acidic urine, and are commonly connected with hereditary alterations in metabolism of urate. The species of Dalmatians and Bulldogs are genetically prone to the kidney stones in dogs. The other kidney stones in dogs are calcium oxalate and cystine stones. Cystine crystals have been found in Newfoundland’s and several other breeds of dogs. There are genetic tests offered to identify carriers and affected dogs with symptoms of kidney stones in dogs. The Silica stones are very unusual; they take place most frequently in male German Shepherd Dogs. These stones are not frequently linked with a pre existing bladder infection.
The majority of kidney stones in dogs are noticeable on an x-ray. Some of the kidney stones in dogs are made up of more organic material than mineral and may be trickier to find on an x-ray, so an ultrasound might be used to trace them. There are diverse techniques of treatment for kidney stones in dogs depending on the dimension or nature of stones found in the kidneys. If they are extremely big and not expected the pass into the ureters, the stones could be controlled through diet. There are diets accessible in the market and promotes the stones to dissolve. They have a smaller amount of protein, so a lesser amount of ammonia forms in the urine, and more salt to support drinking, which can help dilute the urine. Dogs that see no alterations in six months will most likely have the stones removed surgically.