Ischemic heart disease also known as myocardial ischaemia is a heart condition which is caused due to reduction in the blood supply to the heart muscles. Ischemic heart disease is usually caused due to a condition called coronary artery disease. Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of hospitalization and death in regards to heart disease in the world. Learn more about ischemic heart disease here.
Ischemic heart disease
Causes of Ischemic heart disease
Ischemic heart disease causes include a condition when the heart muscles get damaged due to a reduced blood supply to the heart. Ischemic heart disease is usually caused when the coronary arteries are affected by atherosclerosis (narrowing of arteries). This condition can be caused due ischemic heart disease risk factors like aging, high cholesterol levels, smoking, diabetes, as well as genetic factors.
Symptoms of ischemic heart disease
Symptoms of ischemic heart disease can include the following:
• chest pain, or angina
• Discomfort in the upper body
• Difficulty in breathing
• Difficulty of breathing lying down or sleeping (Orthopnea)
• Heart enlargement (Cardiomegaly)
• Build up of fluids in the limbs( Peripheral oedema)
• Abnormal rhythm of the heart (Cardiac arrhythmia)
Most of the times, people mistake the ischemic heart disease symptoms as symptoms of a milder condition. It is very important that one seeks immediate medical assistance if there are any signs of ischemic heart disease.
Diagnosis of Ischemic heart disease
Diagnosis of ischemic heart disease should be done by a qualified doctor as symptoms of ischemic heart disease can also be mistaken for other ailments. Diagnosis of ischemic heart disease is done by a physical examination and assessment of chest pains and other symptoms, Diagnosis of ischemic heart disease is also done by monitoring blood pressure and heart beat.
Treatment of ischemic heart disease
Treatment for ischemic heart disease is possible post the diagnosis of the condition. Treatment of ischemic heart disease includes usage of medication or drug therapy and surgery. Patients with ischemic heart disease may undergo one or both treatment methods.
Drug therapy for ischemic heart disease include usage of drugs like Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), Anti-ischemic agents such as ranolazine (Ranexa), Antiplatelet drugs, Beta-blockers, Calcium channel blockers, Nitrates, Statins,
Medication for ischemic heart disease depends on the persons condition and the doctors assessment of the condition.
Surgical procedures for treatment ischemic heart disease are undertaken in severe cases where medication has not shown a positive result. Surgical treatment of ischemic heart disease includes Angioplasty and stent placement or Coronary artery bypass graft.
People who suffer from ischemic heart disease are also advised to have a daily physical activity regime, control their diet to reduce intake of fat and cholesterol, control cholesterol levels and ensure that it does not increase, avoid tobacco and alcohol as well as controlling blood pressure.
By following the ischemic heart disease guidelines provided by the doctors, you can avoid further complications in the condition or deterioration of ischemic heart disease. Ischemic heart disease can cause complications like heart damage and heart attack. Medical research also suggests that ischemic heart disease can be prevented by following a healthy diet, avoiding tobacco and alcohol and controlling cholesterol and blood pressure.