FIP in cats refers to Feline Infectious Peritonitis. FIP is a deadly viral infectious disease that affects the cats. Cats belonging to all parts of the world are more prone to get FIP viral infection. Hence FIP in cats is a common infection. The good thing is not all the cats infected by the virus causing FIP develop serious illness or diseases. When the viral infected cats are more likely to develop the signs of FIP, it is very obvious that the cats are developing the fatal Feline Infectious Peritonitis disease. FIP in cats has two versions namely wet or effusive FIP and dry or non-effusive FIP. Even though both these conditions are deadly, effusive FIP in cats is more dangerous and the condition is progressed rapidly.
Causes of FIP in cats:
FIP in cats is almost an incurable disease. Some believes that the viral infection and associated disease is caused by the Virus called Feline Infectious Peritonitis Virus as a result of Feline Enteric Corona Virus mutation. It is strongly believed that there is an enduring association between the FIP viruses and Feline Corona virus. However, the fact is yet to be proved. However, the major cause of FIP in cats is the feline corona virus infection. Even though thousands of cats are infected by this virus, only a few develop the symptoms of FIP.
FIP is diagnosed in young cats and kittens less than the age of 3 years. However, it can affect the cats at any age. The percentage of kittens affected by FIP virus is more because the mutation of virus is more common in the young cats with destabilized and developing immune systems.
Symptoms of FIP in Cats:
As stated above, FIP has two variations in cats such as Wet FIP and Dry FIP and the symptoms of FIP in cats also have slighter variations.
Signs of FIP in cats with wet form: The apparent and common sign of wet FIP is accumulation of fluids.
– Swollen abdomen due to accumulation of fluid in the stomach
– Hard breathing and shortness of breadth
– Chronic fever with no response to effective treatment
– Loss of appetite accompanied by weight loss
– Stress followed by depression
– Diarrhea followed by jaundice
Dry Form of FIP in cats are characterised mainly by signs of vision problems and neurological disorders.
– Loss of appetite and weight loss
– Depression and stress
– Failure of internal organs like liver, kidneys, pancreas, etc
– Damages to nervous system
– Damage or loss of vision
Treatment of FIP in cats:
FIP in cats are very hard to diagnose and the only method of effective diagnosis is biopsy. Being a contagious viral infection, the disease spread through other parts of the body very quickly. Implementing appropriate treatment is essential before it becomes too late to treat FIP in cats. Unfortunately, the deadliest disease has no effective treatment. The extent of the condition and effect of disease in cats can be reduced by implementing some supportive treatment measures. For instance, treatment to remove excess amount of fluid stored in cats. Best treatment of FIP is cats is nothing but preventing the infection of corona virus.