Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder caused due to increase in blood sugar level. It can be classified into three types namely type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is referred as Non Insulin Dependent Diabetic condition. Type 2 diabetes is characterized by high blood glucose levels caused due to inability of the body to use insulin secreted in the body to convert glucose into energy. This condition is termed as non insulin dependent condition, because insulin is not generally included in the treatment, where people with type 1 diabetes are required to take insulin doses as prescribed.
Let us some interesting facts about type 2 diabetes.
The real fact about type 2 diabetes is that it is caused mainly due to overweight and obesity. More than 80% of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are found to be obese. However, there are people who develop this type of diabetes due to inheritance and genetic factors. Further, people diagnosed with this type of diabetes account for 90% of diabetic population, where pregnant women with gestational diabetes are excluded. The surprising fact about type 2 diabetes is toxins in the body also cause type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes include increased thirst and urination. Commonly, these symptoms are developed with other medical conditions. The quite surprising and interesting fact about type 2 diabetes is, even though the condition is developed due to overweight or obesity, most of the people who are likely to develop this type of diabetes would experience weight loss.
Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed by checking the glucose level in the bloodstream. Any abnormalities or irregularities of glucose level or increased level of glucose in the blood stream requires random glucose test to assess the condition, which is generally performed through glucose tolerance test. Patients are tested with glucose levels in the morning in empty stomach, where the result is called fasting blood glucose levels. Further, based on the results of fasting glucose levels, oral glucose is given to the patients and the levels are again examined after two hours of taking the oral glucose.
Following is the diabetes fact sheet with the rise in levels of blood sugar resulting towards type 2 diabetes.
• Fasting level of blood glucose – More than 130 mg/dL
• Non-fasting blood glucose level – more than 200 mg/dL
Sometimes the level of blood glucose may vary and in those circumstances, glucose tolerance test at different intervals are conducted, which include one hour glucose tolerance test, two hours glucose tolerance test and three hours glucose tolerance test.
Even though type 2 diabetes is not dependent on insulin and not severe like type 1 diabetes, failure to control or administer the glucose levels obviously lead towards several life threatening complications. The bitter fact about type 2 diabetes is people with t type 2 diabetes are exposed with greater risk of getting affected with eye problems, ranging from blurred vision to loss of eyesight. In addition, sometimes many people are prone to these eye problems without having any symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Further, increase in glucose level makes the diabetic people dependent on insulin, i.e lead towards type 1 diabetes.
High level of blood sugar eventually leads towards increase in levels of blood pressure and cholesterol levels, setting path for several illnesses. The risky fact about type 2 diabetes is, kidney is directly associated with this condition, where severity of diabetes lead towards kidney failure.
Even though the condition cannot be cured completely, by taking several measures on lifestyle changes and having appropriate diet can help in administering the glucose levels. In addition, it is recommended to monitor the glucose levels frequently to incorporate necessary changes in diet to reduce the level of glucose and further complications.