What is Encephalitis in Dogs
Encephalitis in dogs is not a disease in itself but is a term for inflammation of the brain. There are many causes of Encephalitis in dogs. Top on the list are infections which are caused by various bacteria, fungi, viruses, and other such microorganisms. After epilepsy, this infection is the most frequent reason for seizure and of the other infections, distemper virus stands as number one cause for this. Encephalitis fits are of a diverse character. There dog shows a fewer tendency to run and is more likely to stand at a place, sit, or lie at one place until the fit is over. Like in epilepsy, the convulsions may come at lesser and closer intervals until the dog may expire in an extended, almost incessant convulsion. Or the convulsions may end and a tremble may build up, depending on what division of the brain or spinal cord is affected. Rabies is one of the most important reasons of encephalitis. Meningitis is sometimes the cause of fits and paining the back. In Some cases the treatment with anti microbial rusher may cure the disease. A microfilm in vessels of the brain and migration of young roundworms can also be a cause of encephalitis in dogs.
The frequent occurrence of seizures is one of the frequent symptoms of encephalitis in dogs. Though infrequent seizures may take place due to encephalitis in dogs but dogs also suffer from abrupt unconsciousness due to epilepsy and other unknown reasons. Depending on whether the reason of encephalitis is known or not, there are two types of encephalitis in dogs one is called as infectious encephalitis and the other idiopathic encephalitis. When the contributing reason is known, the condition is referred to as infectious encephalitis, while if the precise grounds behind the incidence of encephalitis is unknown; it is called as idiopathic encephalitis. As mentioned earlier the Encephalitis in dogs is mainly caused by the various infections happening in the brain by micro organisms like bacteria, viruses, rickettsia, parasites and fungi. There can be a few chemicals liable for encephalitis in dogs. The veterinarian will have to carry out some diagnostic tests to verify the incidence of encephalitis in your dog. These tests consist of total medical record along with family record and examination of the nervous system of the dog. The vet may also carry out spinal tap to make a precise and quick diagnosis. The use of magnetic resonance imaging can also be of enormous help to make an exact diagnosis as it allows visualization of the structure of the brain
If genetic defect is mainly accountable for the happening of encephalitis, no treatment is feasible. For the other reasons, useful medical cure is accessible. Once a dog is diagnosed with encephalitis and the fundamental source is established for the infection, the veterinarian begins giving him antibiotics. If the dog undergoes from repeated seizures, anticonvulsants are prescribed to the dog. To lessen the inflammation, drugs containing steroids may be administered. The treatment option for idiopathic encephalitis in dogs engages the control of the immune system.