What is Coronary thrombosis
Thrombosis is a general name given to the formation or building of a blood clot within a blood vessel, which obstruct the stream of blood through the circulatory system of our body. Coronary thrombosis is a type of thrombosis which affects the coronary or the heart circulation. Coronary thrombosis is sometimes related to stenosis resulting in clotting. . Coronary thrombosis is regarded as a category of ischaemic heart disease and can be a cause of myocardial infarction. The two phrases are sometimes used as synonyms, although this is technically erroneous as the thrombosis refers to the occlusion, while the infarction relates to the necrosis due to the consequent loss of perfusion. The heart has anastomoses, and depending upon the position or location of the thrombosis, the infarction may be subclinical.
Causes of Coronary thrombosis
The heart is enclosed by three main coronary arteries that provide it with blood and oxygen supply. If a blood clot forms in one of these arteries, the blood supply to that region of the heart muscle will end. This condition is called as a heart attack, or in medical terms a coronary thrombosis or myocardial infarction. A heart attack will produce very severe chest pains behind the breast bone, which often radiates towards the left arm. If the blockage or the . Coronary thrombosis is not dissolved or removed promptly with medication, the region of heart muscle that isn’t getting sufficient oxygen supply will stop working suitably. If you unexpectedly get severe chest pains or any of the other indications stated above, it could be a signal of a blocked coronary artery.
Symptoms of Coronary thrombosis
A Coronary thrombosis typically comes without forewarning and the major symptom of Coronary thrombosis is likely to be pain. This is quite constant and is sensed in the centre of the chest beneath the breast bone, possibly spreading out to one or both arms and sometimes it affects the neck and jaw. Weakness, giddiness and breathlessness or shortness of breath are othe symptoms of Coronary thrombosis with the pain, depending on how severe the damage caused is. The level of pain may range from a dull pain to a feeling of tightness to a crushing like gripping sensation is also felt. Immediately after the heart attack, the patient is generally pale and still, but he or she may become restless, sweating or nervous. In a silent coronary thrombosis, which takes places mainly in the elderly patients, there is no pain, but there may be presence of weakness and shortness of breath. This may have been preceded by a phase of abnormal tiredness, lethargy and general malaise. Sometimes, though, even these signs of Coronary thrombosis are missing and the fact that a heart attack has happened is only found out during a routine medical examination, when unusually low blood pressure or abnormal electrocardiogram traces indicate or points out the possibility. The precise diagnosis depends on electrocardiograph examination and blood tests which may illustrate chemical disturbances or alterations in the white blood count.
Treatment of Coronary thrombosis
The pain of Coronary thrombosis, which rarely lasts for long, can be treated with different pain-killer drugs. In extreme cases external oxygen supply is given for the initial few days. Frequent complications during the early phase; of revival are disturbances caused in cardiac rhythm, shock and even heart failure. The most hazardous arrhythmia is ventricular fibrillation, where the ventricles start to contract very rapidly, and may prove to be lethal. Heart block, or sudden cardiac arrest caused by a failure of the electrical conducting mechanism in the heart, is another danger .Both of these situations can be treated with electrical apparatus, giving heart massage and different drugs. If they happen again, drug treatment or the fitting of a heart pacemaker an instrument which stimulates the heart regularly can be helpful. The phase of convalescence or recovery after a Coronary thrombosis depends on the age of the patient and previous health status, as well as the severity of the attack. Most patients, once out of intensive care unit, are aggressively persuaded to take gentle exercise to pace up their recovery. This can be definitely favorable to the damaged heart.