Constipation is a common problem experienced not only by humans, but also by pets like dogs and cats. Constipation in cats can be recognized very easily. It is a common health problem developed by cats of all ages. Being a problem that can be recognized easily, the treatment is also quite easy. Constipation in cats can be addressed merely by enhancing the quantity of liquids in the diet and increasing the quantity of foods rich in fiber. Continue read to have brief overview about constipation in cats, symptoms, causes, remedial measures and treatment options.
The condition of constipation in cats is characterized by painful and difficult defecation, which is closely associated by irritable bowel movements. Cats suffer from these aspects due to passing very hard stool and difficulty in passing stool. Further, it acts as a symptom or warning sign of irritable bowel syndrome and some kind of bowel problems.
Causes of Constipation in cats can be broadly classified into several categories such as physical causes, physiological causes, and health causes.
The major and most common cause of feline constipation is the hairballs, which is classified under physical causes. Other causes include, change in diet, diet with low fiber, inadequate consumption of liquid and water, age factor, inadequate physical activities, ingestion of foreign object, consumption of indigestible things like paper, grass, soil, etc.
When it comes to psychological causes of constipation in cats, the major reason is found to be the aversion to litter box. Additional reasons include dirty and nasty litter box, litter box placed in improper location, external disturbances like change in temperature, loud noises, etc, entry of another cat or cats into the home, change of shelter or owner, etc.
Health illnesses indicated by constipation in cats include dehydration, allergic to certain medications, injury in the pelvis, improper functioning of kidney or kidney failure, neurological issues like nervous damages in the anus, spine, etc.
As stated above, pet owners are able to identify the symptoms of constipation in cats easily. Common and apparent signs of constipation in cats include the following.
- Hard Stool or dry stool with painful defecation
- Hair balls in stool
- Sudden and unexplained weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Aversion to food
- Depressed state
- Lethargic behaviour
- Defecation of very little amount of stool
Since the condition is mainly associated with lack of water or liquids in the body of the cats, the effective and ideal remedy for constipation in cats is feeding the cat with lot of liquids and fiber rich foods. Both liquids and fiber content eases passing stool without any suffering or pain.
When the condition is detected with presence of hair balls in the stool, it is quite difficult to cure the condition, where the cats should be taken to a veterinarian for appropriate treatment of constipation in cats. The treatment option include regular grooming of cats, almost every day until recovery, prescription drugs like lactulose, prescription of laxatives exclusively designed for cats and feeding supreme quality of cat foods. Further, it is good to avoid dry foods in the diet. Chronic constipation in cats is treated by ingesting moisture.