What is colitis in dogs:
Colitis refers to the inflammation of the colon in dogs. Colitis in dogs is the main cause of chronic diarrhoea in dogs, where it accounts for more than 50% of diarrhoea. It is a severe and most complicated condition caused by several factors. Inflammation in the bowl disease is the main cause of colitis. Pet owners can identify the apparent signs of colitis which includes painful defecation, passing the stools with blood, etc. Sometimes, colitis signs are wrongly considered as constipation. Inflammation in colon and bowels caused due to any reason result in difficulty in storing faeces and normal absorption of water. Lets learn more about colitis in dogs here.
What causes colitis in dogs:
There are different types of colitis caused by different aspects. More than 80% of the dogs affected by colitis are caused due to intolerance to food and dietary recklessness. In generally, dairy products, fatty substances, rich food sauces are included in the indiscretion of diet. Other cause of colitis in dogs includes the stress in animals. It generally occurs when the animals are left alone in the kennels during the holidays of their owners. Intolerance to certain type of foods also causes colitis in dogs. However, sometimes the condition may be temporary and the dogs can relived easily from the condition and only in few cases, intolerance is permanent. Any amount or any undigested food left in the colon lead towards colitis. Another important cause of colitis in dogs is bacterial infection and bacterial overgrowth in bowels. Clostridia, is the most common bacteria affects the bowel. Low fat diet and high fiber diet also lead towards bacterial growth.
What are symptoms of colitis in dogs:
The symptoms of colitis in dogs are wide and it varies based on the stage and severity of disease. Mild symptoms include the following:
• Reduced physical activity
• Soft tools
• Increase in frequency of motion with decrease in volume
• Firm first motion of the day followed by softer subsequent motions throughout the day.
• Motion with slime or jelly
• Motion speckled with blood
• Injury after passing the motion
Severe symptoms include the following:
• Brown diarrhoea
• Red diarrhoea
• Diarrhoea with vomiting
• Rapid dehydration
Severe symptoms of colitis in dogs need immediate medical attention.
Treatment of colitis in dogs:
Treatment is provided based on the fundamental condition causing colitis in dogs i.e inflammation in bowel, irritable bowel syndrome, etc. When the condition is caused due to bowel disease, high fiber diet is prescribed and when it caused due to bacterial infection, antibiotics are prescribed.
Treatment of colitis in dogs involves dietary changes. The condition is offered with the treatment that is similar to treatment of diarrhoea and vomiting in dogs. Initially, water based diet is provided to the dogs to get rid of dehydration, which is gradually followed by reintroducing the solid and normal diet. Unfortunately, in many dogs the symptoms are recurrent. In such circumstance, the water based diet should be followed by a different solid diet.
However, dietary changes alone cannot recover the dogs from colitis and additional treatments should be provided. Enhanced treatment options include bowel regulations, homeopathic remedies and aloe vera conventional treatment methods and prescription of antibiotics.