What is Coccidia in dogs
Coccidia in dogs are a type of protozoa’s which are found in your dog’s intestinal tracts. Generally most of the dogs have immunity to effects of Coccidia in dogs; however, puppies, young dogs, old and traumatized dogs and those dogs which have suppressed immune systems may sometimes display symptoms of coccidiosis or coccidian in dogs. Lets learn morew about Coccidia in dogs here.
Causes of Coccidia in dogs
The coccidia protozoa are not the natural dweller in a dog’s internal environment. Many puppies often get them through their mothers’ infected faeces that have cysts of Coccidia protozoa. They may also enter in other ways, as coccidian in dogs are highly contagious, and can spread from puppies to kittens and vice versa. When some carriers of Coccidia such as cockroaches and mice, are eaten by the dog, can pass on the parasite in to the system .Though dogs gradually build up immunity to Coccidia in dogs as they grow older, puppies can be especially susceptible to coccidiosis, which is the condition that happens when the coccidia present in a dog’s digestive tract start causing an infection.
Symptoms of Coccidia in dogs
Symptom of coccidia in dogs is generally coccidiosis which affects the intestinal tract and is associated with presence of coccidia in dogs. In the mild cases of this infection, only a watery diarrhea may be there, and if blood is there in the stools, it is present only in small quantities. The dogs which are severely affected may have a thin, watery stool discharge with significant amounts of intestinal mucosa and blood in the stools. In the other symptoms straining frequently is clear, fast dehydration, loss of weight and anorexia also may be clinically visible as the sign and symptoms of coccidia in dogs. The most common amongst canine coccidia is S. tenella and during autopsies of dead animals it becomes visible as microscopic muscle cysts in the host animal. The cysts present in the stools of dogs are also microscopic in size and can only be recognized through lab tests or direct observation when viewed under a microscope.
Treatment of Coccidia in dogs
When the coccidia infection is present in a kennel, it can be controlled in two ways. The first is the detection, isolation and then the treatment of dogs infected with Coccidia in dogs. The second way is to mass treat all the dogs . In the option one is only practical when there are a few dogs in an isolated area have been identified as being contaminated and where complete isolation is possible, either within their own block or in a separate isolation block. Such isolation comprises separation of exercise areas and these dogs should be fed and cleaned after all others dogs present in the premises, if possible using separate cleaning and feeding equipment and by a separate staff if likely. In the second option treatment of all dogs should start on the same day.
The infection of coccidiosis is an easily treatable dog infection. There are many treatment options but the two main drugs that are most effective are sulfadimethoxine and trimethoprimsulfadiazine. These drugs in reality do not kill the coccidia; but they only check reproduction capabilities of the protozoa. Though the recovery from coccidiosis is very slow, and a total recovery happens only in the presence of a stable immune response. The average time taken to heal is around two weeks.