Chickenpox is a very common disease that causes a rash and can make you feel generally unwell. It is an infection caused by the varicella – zoster virus. “Chickenpox “refers to the initial infection, commonly called “shingles” of chickenpox, and refers to its rebirth in the afterlife, making the condition of the shingles.
Chicken pox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Acute Chicken pox can lead to mortality and morbidity among youth and adults in relation to children. People with a lowered immunity system are particularly vulnerable to chicken pox.
Symptoms of chickenpox
The symptoms are usually more severe in adults than in children. One can expect many uncomfortable days.
• Fever (temperature), aches and headache often start a day or two before the rash appears.
• Red Rash. The spots develop into small blisters and itching. They can appear anywhere on the body and sometimes in the mouth.
• Dry cough, sore throat
• Fever . Bulbs gradually dry up and scab. Gradually over a week or two, but it may take 2-3 weeks to go completely.
• A dry cough may persist for some time after all other symptoms have disappeared.
Symptoms of severe chicken pox:
Incase of a severe case of chicken pox, symptoms include
• Respiratory Problems (Resp clinical signs are often absent)
• Increasingly dense vesicles
• Hemorrhagic eruption
• Neurological changes
• Persistent fever blisters new over 6 days after onset
Treatment of Chicken Pox
Treatment of chicken pox aims to relieve the symptoms while their immune system fights the virus.
• Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration.
• Acetaminophen or ibuprofen is administered for fever, headache and pain.
• Calamine lotion or cream put on the spots may ease itching.
• The antihistamine tablets or liquid medicine taken at bedtime can help you sleep if itching is a problem at night. You can buy at pharmacies or get them on prescription.
Antiviral are used in special circumstances where chickenpox can be more serious. For example, people with weakened immune systems, infants, and in some cases of chickenpox in pregnant women.
Complications of chicken pox
• In some cases, some spots become infected by bacteria. If this occurs the surrounding skin becomes red and painful. Antibiotics may be necessary.
• Inflammation of the lungs (pneumonia) is a rare complication that affects approximately 1 100 adults with chickenpox.
• Inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) .
See a doctor immediately if one feels breathless, confused, or have any unusual symptoms or severe. In addition, pregnant women have an increased risk of developing complications. In pregnancy doctor should be consulted immediately.
Chicken pox is highly contagious. The virus moves through the air it takes 11-20 days to develop symptoms after contracting the virus (the “incubation period”).A person with chickenpox is contagious for 2 to 4 days before the rash first appears on the body and after the rash has crusted over (usually about 5-6 days after onset).
Healthy people who have not had chickenpox may also want to avoid capture. So, friends and family who have not had chickenpox can stay while they are infectious. However, most healthy adults and many children have already had chickenpox, so they are safe.