What is Cherry eye in dogs
The condition of Cherry eye in dogs is the phrase which is used for the prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid. Cherry eye in dogs condition may happen in one or both eyes of the dog. This is a widespread hereditary eye defect in a range of dog breeds where the gland of the third eyelid also known as the nictitating membrane prolapses and becomes distinctly visible .The Cherry eye in dogs condition is most frequent in young dogs which are five weeks to two years of age. Some of the specific breeds of dogs are prone to this condition, includes the breeds like English bulldog, America cocker spaniel, beagle, Chinese shar-pei, bloodhound, and the Lhasa apso. Cherry eye in dogs may be caused by a hereditary weakness in the connective tissues which surrounds the gland of the third eyelid. It is most general in puppies. Cherry eye in dogs condition appears as a red mass in the inner corner of the eye, and is sometimes wrongly taken for a tumor. Following the gland prolapse, the eye becomes persistently swollen and there is frequently a discharge that comes from the eye.
Causes of Cherry eye in dogs
The precise reasons of cherry eye in dogs are not completely known. But it has been anticipated that a weak connection between the nictitans gland and the tissue to which it is normally attached is the main cause of this ailment. The other supposed cause of Cherry eye in dogs include traumatic injuries to the eyes which have also been seen as causing cherry eye in some instances. Cherry eye is most frequent in young dogs and may engage one or the both eyes of the dog. The cherry eye condition may be manifest, with the nictitans gland occasionally prolapsing and then afterwards returning to its usual location. This intermittent appearance may ultimately cause a permanent prolapse of the gland, thus causing the cherry eye to develop permanently.
Diagnosis of Cherry eye in dogs
The diagnosis of cherry eye in dogs is generally made by visual examination of the eye. A complete eye examination is required for the diagnosis, together with measurement of tear production in the eyes. The test is fluorescing in staining of the cornea and examination of the opposite eye. Another sign is oval pink or red mass projecting from the corner of the eye closest to the nose. Some other indications of the disease is
• The watery or thick discharge coming from the eye
• Presence of redness in the conjunctiva or the lining of the eyelid.
• intermittent pawing at the eye
Treatment of Cherry eye in dogs
The treatment for cherry eye in dogs entails the use of topical anti-inflammatory corticosteroid medications and ointments to diminish swelling of the conjunctiva and the prolapsed gland. The medical management sometimes results in return of the gland to a normal position. Many a time’s surgical replacement of the gland is the suggested treatment option. The complete removal of the gland may be done surgically, but it is discouraged because it takes the dog to a life of dry eye as the gland of the third eyelid is accountable for the manufacture of around one third of the watery tears, so amputation of the gland may result in highly diminished tear production or dry eye, therefore this option should be exercised only in extreme cases.