What is Cardiac amyloidosis
Cardiac Amyloidosis is a term used for a group of diseases in which there is an accumulation of masses of proteins called amyloids in body tissues and parts. These proteins gradually substitute normal tissue, resulting in the failure the implicated organ. There are a lot of varieties of amyloidosis like Cardiac amyloidosis which generally happen during primary amyloidosis. Primary amyloidosis is frequently found in people with multiple myeloma cancer. Cardiac amyloidosis or stiff heart syndrome which is its other name takes place when an amyloids deposit replaces the normal heart muscle. It is the most characteristic type of restrictive cardiomyopathy. Cardiac amyloidosis may involve the way electrical signals travel through the heart this can lead to arrhythmias and heart blockage.
Secondary amyloidosis hardly ever affects the heart. Nevertheless, a type of secondary amyloidosis called senile amyloidosis engages the heart and blood vessels. Senile amyloidosis is caused by excess production of a different protein. The situation is becoming more widespread as the average age of the population increases. Cardiac amyloidosis is more frequent in men than in women and the disease is unusual in people below the age of 40.
Symptoms of Cardiac amyloidosis
Cardiac amyloidosis Hardly ever happening in those below 40, it may present with a range of symptoms that by themselves might signal a lot of likely conditions and may not even cause symptoms. However, a group of symptoms of Cardiac amyloidosis can occur in like shortness of breath during movement; heart palpitations; inflammation of the legs or ankles; trouble in breathing when lying down; weakness; and too much night-time urination.
Treatment of Cardiac Amyloidosis
On examining, a patient may have blown up neck veins, an inflamed liver, unusually low blood pressure that falls when the patient stands, or anomalous lung or heart sounds. A chest or abdominal CT scan is a very accurate test for cardiac amyloidosis, but supplementary invasive and non-invasive tests are also used, together with MRIs, echocardiograms, nuclear heart scans, or cardiac catheterization. A biopsy of heart tissue is the only technique to confirm a Cardiac Amyloidosis diagnosis.
The prospects for Cardiac Amyloidosis patients are poor and less than thirty percent of the patients stay alive two years after diagnosis. Still, a range of treatments are being developed to cure Cardiac Amyloidosis, which is supposed to be a chronic disease. a number of Cardiac Amyloidosis patients are been given heart transplants or combination heart-liver transplants, which are considered practical alternative if the disease is not somewhere else in the body and the patient is tough enough to bear such major surgery.
Supplementary treatments for Cardiac amyloidosis incorporate chemotherapy; or surgery to place a cardiac pacemaker or internal defibrillator to control heart beats. With such a difficult diagnosis as symptoms are similar with a lot of heart disease patients with cardiac amyloidosis. Patients also face emotional problems that doctors know can supplementary stress their bodies and add to cardiac decline there fore counseling to help heart patients to cope with their diagnosis and teach relaxation are also essential. Patient can also do exercise as long as he feel like he can. The doctor may tell patient to change his diet to include salt and fluid limitations.