Bipolar I Disorder vs. Bipolar II Disorder
Bipolar disorder which is also called as manic depression stimulates severe shifts in mood, energy, thoughts and actions. With the highs of mania on one end, to the lows of depression on the other end bipolar disorder is not just a momentary good or bad mood, the cycles of bipolar disorder can last for days, weeks, or months together. Different from the regular mood change, the mood swings in bipolar disorder are so strong that they hamper with your capability to function normally in daily life. The symptoms of bipolar disorder can be vague and puzzling therefore many patients of bipolar disorder are unnoticed and misdiagnosed causing unnecessary suffering. But with right diagnosis and treatment and support, a patient can lead a normal life. Learn more about bipolar disorder and difference between bipolar i vs bipolar ii.
Bipolar I Disorder vs. Bipolar II Disorder comparison
Bipolar disorder is classified under two categories viz. Bipolar I Disorder and Bipolar II Disorder. Bipolar I Disorder or the typical manic and depressive type of the illness set apart by at least one manic episode or mixed episode and may also involve at least one episode of depression. In Bipolar II Disorder, the person doesn’t suffer from manic episodes. In its place the infirmity involves episodes of hypomania and intense depression.
There are some differences between the two categories which are discussed here. A patient suffering with bipolar disorder II experiences hypo manic episodes but not the manic episodes as in bipolar I disorder. The distinction between mania and hypomania is a matter of intensity as hypomania normally does not harms patient’s daily functioning or cause the requirement for hospitalization. Experience of psychotic symptoms such as illusions or mistrust indicates Bipolar I Disorder. These symptoms are not present in the patients of Bipolar II.
The majority of patients with bipolar I have episodes of both depression and mania. In very unusual cases, they experience merely mania. Bipolar I is different from bipolar II by the intensity and period of the manic phase, and can last from a week to several months, and the experience of delusions and paranoia. Dangerous behavior is frequent in manic episodes and patients generally require hospitalization for their own protection.
The symptoms of mania can include rapid speech without pausing, insomnia or less sleep, detached thoughts, high-flying ideas, hallucinations, extreme bad temper, feelings of all-powerfulness, paranoia, aggressive behavior, a noticeable increase in power and openly immoral activity.
Patients who suffer from bipolar II get episodes of severe depression with irregular episode of mild mania also known as hypomania. Hypomania differs from mania in the sense that no delusions are experienced during hypomania. Hypomania can also cause severely messed up functioning. During the hypo manic episode patients often feels so good that patients often stop their medication, this is particularly problematic because symptoms that come back after discontinuing the treatment are often much difficult to get under control. Though Bipolar II is considered as a milder form of bipolar disorder, still the suicide frequency in the patients suffering form Bipolar II is in fact higher than that for those afflicted from Bipolar I disorder.