Bipolar disorder, also called manic-depressive psychosis is a severe mood disorder characterized by wild swings in mood, energy and activity level.It can be very dangerous to let bipolar disorder to be untreated. Not only the danger of untreated acute mania (interpersonal chaos, economic problems and labour, health consequences and risk of suicide), but it is clear that each manic episode increases the likelihood of subsequent manic episodes, causing the increase in long-term illness. The optimal treatment of bipolar disorder usually results in changes in lifestyle, the constant use of drugs and mood stabilizers and psychotherapy. Learn more about Bipolar Disorder treatment here.
Everyone should try and adopt a healthy lifestyle especially patients with bipolar disorder. Regular sleep habits are important, disturbances in sleep or sleep deprivation often destabilize mood in bipolar disorder. Preventing drug and alcohol abuse also promotes stable mood. A healthy diet and regular exercise can contribute to better sleep, better mood, and can prevent weight gain in connection with medical treatment of bipolar disorder. It is also important for patients with bipolar disorder learn to recognize and handle stress. Stressful life events are the most important predictors of bipolar relapse, even when patients adhere to their prescription drugs. Patients with bipolar disorder can also be very sensitive to levels of stress in the family.
Medications are an important part of treatment for most people with bipolar disorder, particularly those with more severe forms of the disease. The treatment of bipolar disorder include mood stabilizers (lithium, Depakote, Tegretol, Lamictal, Trileptal, and others) and atypical antipsychotics (Risperdal, Zyprexa, Seroquel, Geodon, Abilify, et al.) Often, patients with bipolar disorder require combination of medications to adequately control symptoms of mania or depression.
Often, patients with bipolar disorder require combinations of medications (polypharmacy) to adequately control symptoms of mania or depression. Sometimes antidepressants are added to control the depressive phase of the disease, but this is controversial because it seems that for the average patient with bipolar disorder, antidepressants may destabilize mood state and exacerbate the mood swings and mania. Natural treatments such as dose of fish oil fatty acids may also contribute to improving and stabilizing mood.
Drugs alone are do not help patients with bipolar disorder, a combination of medication and psychotherapy is required. Research suggests that the benefits of psychotherapy for these patients in a variety of ways. Bipolar patients undergoing in psychotherapy had the largest increase in non-response, and further reductions in the incidence of relapse and rehospitalization. These patients were also faster to recover and lived much longer.
A few factors that often complicate the treatment of bipolar disorder are compliance and reduced visibility of the disease. Patients may resist treatment of bipolar disorder because of the euphoria associated with mania. However, even when he returned to a normal mood, patients often continue to show a reduced ability to recognize they have a disease that operates outside conscious control.
Insight-oriented psychotherapy can help patients to use medicines more safely and responsibly, helping the patients to more accurately assess their strengths and limitations, to understand the specific vulnerabilities and triggers of the disease. In post-mania, the psychotherapy and a trusting relationship help patients cope with pain, shame and guilt often experienced after a manic episode. In the long term, patients with bipolar disorder are able to understand the disease.