Autism is a mental disorder can begin in childhood. An autistic child is very egocentric, it loses the ability to relate to others and have problems with language and reasoning. Children with autism have difficulty with imaginative play, and engage in repetitive behaviours and activities. No one knows why children with autism. It seems to occur more frequently in boys than in girls. It occurs more often in certain families. Autism may be caused by differences in the brain. It can be caused by factors that affect brain development before, during or after birth. These include rubella in the mother, lack of oxygen at birth, and complications of childhood illnesses. Learn more about Autism Symptoms and Treatment.
Although the cause of autism is unknown, it is not because of poor education, a behavioral disorder or mental illness.
Symptoms of Autism
Symptoms vary from child to. Some children have mild symptoms. In other children, symptoms are worse.
Some parents begin to see symptoms when their children are very young, sometimes only 1-2 years. Initially, the child does not seem to respond to the great care. They often describe their babies do not make eye contact, smile or touch.
Infants with autism will be alone in his or her bed, sometimes for hours at a time. They do not want to be disturbed, and do not want attention. They are quiet and passive, unless their activity is not interrupted. They may have stereotyped and repetitive movements such as waving fingers, shaking hands, holding objects, and emphasis on rituals.
Older children with autism can be very sensitive to sounds, smells, touch or taste. They cannot learn to speak at the expected age like other children. Autistic children tend to react to changes in the home or in the regular routine, with tantrums. Sometimes theirs is no possible reason is found for tantrum. After about 5-6 years, the insulation itself, crisis, and rituals tend to be less frequent. Even then, however, autistic children do not learn the language and social skills as normal children do.
Tests for Autism
There is no specific test for autism. Instead of a team of health professionals who work together to make the diagnosis. This team includes a neurologist, psychologist, developmental paediatrician, speech therapist and a learning consultant.
Tests can be performed to rule out other diseases.
Treatment for Autism
There is no known cure for autism. However, early intervention can improve quality of life.
The treatment may include speech therapy, occupational therapy and physiotherapy. A pathologist who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of speech and language can help your child learn to communicate better. Occupational therapy will help your child develop fine muscle movements. With physical therapy, therapists work to improve motor skills, and personal development, coordination and movement.
There are many creative ways to help children’s manage symptoms. The child’s doctor and adviser can suggest music therapy, behaviour modification, medicine and targeted therapies in the diet.
There is no medicine that can be used to treat autism. Sometimes, however, doctor may recommend medications to treat very specific symptoms that one can have.
Things to Do
• Provide a rigorous routine that does not change at home. This helps to reduce repetitive behaviors.
• Put your child in a treatment program run by a team of doctors and counselors.
• Get the support services and local support groups for parents and other care takers.
• Call your doctor if you have questions about the health of your child or need information about services available for autistic children.
• Call doctor if a child has a problem with drugs, or if symptoms worsen.
Thing not to do
Do not deny your child the opportunity to reach their full potential. Autistic children can be creative, but they need structure. Many types of treatments are available that can help.
There is no cure for autism, but with the help children learn to cope with symptoms.
Early intensive intervention is more effective. In general, lifetime follow-up care is required.
Some children are able to attend school regularly after 10 years. Some adults with autism are able to hold jobs and live independently.
Unfortunately, autism can cause permanent impairment of brain development.